Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 123, Issue 3, pp 437–459 | Cite as

Religiosity, CSR Attitudes, and CSR Behavior: An Empirical Study of Executives’ Religiosity and CSR

  • Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten
  • Johan Graafland
  • Muel Kaptein


In this paper, we examine the relationship between Christian religiosity, attitudes towards corporate social responsibility (CSR), and CSR behavior of executives. We distinguish four types of CSR attitudes and five types of CSR behavior. Based on empirical research conducted among 473 Dutch executives, we find that CSR attitudes mediate the influence of religiosity on CSR behavior. Intrinsic religiosity positively affects the ethical CSR attitude and negatively affects the financial CSR attitude, whereas extrinsic religiosity stimulates the philanthropic CSR attitude. Financial, ethical, and philanthropic CSR attitudes significantly affect some types of CSR behaviors. However, because religiosity has opposing effects on the three attitudes, the joint mediation effect of the three attitudes is negligible. Furthermore, we find a direct negative influence of intrinsic religiosity on diversity and a direct positive influence on charity.


Corporate social responsibility Executives Leadership Religiosity Stakeholders 



The authors would like to thank the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, the employers’ association VNO-NCW, and the Science Shop of Tilburg University for their financial support. The authors also thank the editor and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments throughout the review process.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corrie Mazereeuw-van der Duijn Schouten
    • 1
  • Johan Graafland
    • 2
  • Muel Kaptein
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Economics, CentER/Tilburg Sustainability Center/European Banking CenterTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Rotterdam School of ManagementErasmus UniversityRotterdamThe Netherlands

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