Journal of Business Ethics

, 103:167 | Cite as

Reviewing the Business Case for Corporate Social Responsibility: New Evidence and Analysis

  • Philipp SchreckEmail author


This study complements previous empirical research on the business case for corporate social responsibility (CSR) by employing hitherto unused data on corporate social performance (CSP) and proposing statistical analyses to account for bi-directional causality between social and financial performance. By allowing for differences in the importance of single components of CSP between industries, the data in this study overcome certain limitations of the databases used in earlier studies. The econometrics employed offer a rigorous way of addressing the problem of endogeneity due to simultaneous causality. Although the study’s results provide no evidence that there is a generic or universal business case for CSR, they indicate that there is a strong link between single stakeholder-related issues of CSR and financial performance. However, the analysis does not establish causality within these relationships.


business case corporate social responsibility corporate social performance CSP/CFP link empirical causality 



Corporate financial performance


Corporate social performance


Corporate social responsibility


Instrumental variable


Kinder, Lydenberg, Domini & Co


Ordinary least squares


Return on equity


Variance inflation factor


Two-stage least squares


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Production Management and Managerial AccountingLudwig-Maximilians-University MunichMunichGermany

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