Skip to main content

A Ten-Step Model for Academic Integrity: A Positive Approach for Business Schools

Abstract

The problem of academic dishonesty in Business Schools has risen to the level of a crisis according to some authors, with the incidence of reports on student cheating rising to more than half of all the business students. In this article we introduce the problem of academic integrity as a holistic issue that requires creating a␣cultural change involving students, faculty, and administrators in an integrated process. Integrating the extensive literature from other scholars, we offer a ten-step model which can create a positive culture for academic integrity. The successful implementation of a well-crafted academic integrity program can have a positive impact on business schools and improve the reputation of tomorrow’s business leaders.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Alschuler, A., & Blingling, G. (1995). “Curbing Epidemic Cheating through Systemic Change.” College Teaching, Vol. 43. Iss. 4, 123–125.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Aluede, O., Omoregie, E.O., & Osa-Edoh, G.I. (2006). “Academic Dishonesty as a Contemporary Problem in Higher Education: How Academic Advisers Can Help.” Reading Improvement, Vol. 43. Iss. 2, 97–106.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Ashworty, P., & Bannister, P. (1997). Guilty in Whose Eyes? University Students’ Perceptions of Cheating and Plagiarism in Academic Work and Assessment. Studies in Higher Education, 22(2), 187–196. doi:10.1080/03075079712331381034.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Badaracco, J. (1997). Defining Moments: When Managers Must Choose between Right and Right. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: Freeman.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Baty, P.: 2007, ‹New Anti-Cheating Body to Push for “Honour Codes”’, Times Higher Education Supplement August, p. 17

  7. Bean, D.F., & Bernardi, R.A. (2007). Ethics Education in our Colleges and Universities: A Positive Role for Accounting Practitioners. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 59–76. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9038-4.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Beauvais, L.L., Desplaces, D.E., Melchar, D.E., & Bosco, S.M. (2007). Business Faculty Perceptions and Actions Regarding Ethics Education. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 121–136. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9046-4.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bell, D. (2005). “Resolving Academic Dishonesty through Facilitated Discussion.” Academic Leader, Vol. 21. Iss. 3, 3–4.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Bennis, W.G., & O’Toole, J. (2005). “How Business Schools Lost Their Way.” Harvard Business Review, Vol. 83. Iss. 9, 96–104.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Bolin, A.U. (2004). Self-control, Perceived Opportunity, and Attitudes as Predictors of Academic Dishonesty. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary & Applied, 138, 101–114. doi:10.3200/JRLP.138.2.101-114.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Boyle, M.-E. (2004). “Walking Our Talk: Business Schools, Legitimacy, and Citizenship.” Business & Society, Vol. 43. Iss. 1, 37–68.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Boyle, M.-E. (2007). Learning to Neighbor? Service-learning in Context. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 85–104. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9045-5.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Brady, N., & Hart, D. (2007). “An Exploration into the Development Psychology of Ethical Theory with Implications for Business Practice and Pedagogy.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 76. Iss. 4, 397–412.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Broeckelman-Post, M. A.: 2008, ‹Faculty and Student Influences on Academic Dishonesty’, IEEE Transactions on Education 512(2), 206–211..

    Google Scholar 

  16. Brubaker, H.: 2003, ‹Big Companies Teach Business Ethics to Employees’, Knight Ridder Tribune Business News March 26, p. 1

  17. Burke, J. A., Polimeni, R. S., and Slavin, N. S.: 2007, “Academic Dishonesty: A Crisis on Campus.” CPA Journal, Vol. 77. Iss. 5, 58–65

    Google Scholar 

  18. Caldwell, C., & Boyle, M.-E. (2007). Academia, Aristotle and the Public Sphere – Stewardship Challenges to Schools of Business. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 5–20. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9048-2.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Caldwell, C., Clapham, S.E., & Davis, B. (2007). Rights, Responsibility, and Respect: A Balanced Citizenship Model for Schools of Business. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 105–120. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9041-9.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Caldwell, C., & Hayes, L. (2007). “Leadership, Trustworthiness, and the Mediating Lens.” Journal of Management Development. Vol. 26. Iss. 3, 261–278.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Caldwell, C., & Jean, L. (2007). Ethical Leadership and Building Trust – Raising the Bar for Business. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 1–4. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9044-6.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Caldwell, C., Karri, R., & Matula, T. (2005). Practicing What We Teach – Ethical Considerations for Business Schools. Journal of Academic Ethics, 3, 1–25. doi:10.1007/s10805-006-9007-3.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Caldwell, C., White, H., & Red Owl, R.H. (2007). The Case for Creating a DBA Program – A Virtue-Based Opportunity for Universities. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(2-4), 179–188. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9030-z.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Callahan, D. (2004). The Cheating Culture: Why More Americans are Doing Wrong to Get Ahead. Orlando, Fl: Harcourt Books.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Cameron, K.S. (2003). “Ethics, Virtuousness, and Constant Change.” In N. M. Tichy & A. R. McGill (eds.) The Ethical Challenge: How to Lead with Unyielding Integrity.) San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Pp. 185-194.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Center for Academic Integrity (CAI).(2007). The Fundamental Values of Academic Integrity. Clemson, SC: Clemson University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Chapman, K.J., Davis, R., Toy, D., & Wright, L. (2004). Academic Integrity in the Business School Environment: I’ll Get by with a Little Help From My Friends. Journal of Marketing Education, 26(3), 236–249. doi:10.1177/0273475304268779.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Chiesl, N. (2007). “Pragmatic Methods to Reduce Dishonesty in Web-based Courses.” The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, Volume 8. Iss. 3, 203–211.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Crown, D., & Spiller, M. (1997). Faculty Responsibilities in Dealing with Collegiate Cheating: A Student Development Perspective. Teaching Business Ethics, 1, 117–130. doi:10.1023/A:1009728100939.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Dalton, J.C. (1985) Promoting Values Development in College Students. Columbus, OH: Teachers College Press.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Damast, A.: 2007, ‹Are B-Schools Hiding the Cheaters?’, Business Week Online, June 21, p. 5

  32. Damast, A.: 2008, ‹Fuqua Puts Scandal Behind It’, Business Week Online, May 23, p. 5

  33. Davis, S.F., Grover, C.A., Becker, A.H., & McGregor, L.N. (1992). “Academic Dishonesty: Prevalence, Determinants, Techniques, and Punishments.” Teaching of Psychology, Vol. 19. Iss. 1, 16–20.

    Google Scholar 

  34. Decoo, W. (2002). Crisis on Campus: Confronting Academic Misconduct. Hong Kong: The MIT Press.

    Google Scholar 

  35. DeLambert, K., Ellen, N., & Taylor, L. (2005). “Academic Dishonesty Among Students in Tertiary Institutions: A Literature Review.” Waikato Journal of Education, Vol. 11. Iss. 2, 83–99.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Derby, L. (2006). “Academic Integrity at the United States Air Force Academy.” Mid-Western Educational Researcher, Vol. 19. Iss. 1, 39–40.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Dufresne, R.L. (2004). “An Action Learning Perspective on Effective Implementation of Academic Honor Codes.” Group & Organization Management, Vol. 29. Iss. 2, 201–218.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Eastman, J.K., Iver, R., & Eastman, K.L. (2006). Addressing Academic Dishonesty: The Implications for Business Schools, Professors, and Students. Journal for Advancement of Marketing Education, 9, 1–8.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Edgren and Walters. (2006). “Academic Dishonesty in the 21st Century.” Journal of Continuing Higher Education, Vol. 54. Iss. 2, 56–59.

    Google Scholar 

  40. Embleton, K., & Helfer, D.S. (2007). “The Plague of Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty.” Searcher, Vol. 15. Iss. 6, 23–26.

    Google Scholar 

  41. Etter, S., Cramer, J.J., & Finn, S. (2006). “Origins of Academic Dishonesty: Ethical Orientations and Personality Factors Associated with Cheating with Information Technology.” Journal of Research on Technology in Education, Vol. 39. Iss. 2, 133–155.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Finn, K.V., & Frone, M.R. (2004). “Academic Performance and Cheating: Moderating Role of School Identification and Self-Efficacy.” Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 97. Iss. 3, 115–122.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Flynn, R.S. (2003). “Confronting Academic Dishonesty in the Accounting Classroom: A Cultural Experience?” Accounting Education, Vol. 12. Iss. 4, 437–439.

    Google Scholar 

  44. Gallant, T.B., & Drinan, P. (2006a). “Organizational Theory and Student Cheating: Explanation, Responses, and Strategies.” Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 77. Iss. 5, 839–860.

    Google Scholar 

  45. Gallant, T.B., & Drinan, P. (2006b). “Institutionalizing Academic Integrity: Administrator Perceptions and Institutional Actions.” NASPA Journal, Vol. 43. Iss. 4, 61–81.

    Google Scholar 

  46. Gambescia, S.F. (2007). “A Best Practice Protocol for Handling Academic Honesty Issues With Adult Students.” Journal of Continuing Higher Education, Vol. 55. Iss. 1, 47–55.

    Google Scholar 

  47. Ghoshal, S.: 2003, ‹Business Schools Share the Blame for Enron’, Financial Times, July 18, p. 19

  48. Gonin, M. (2007). Business Research, Self-fulfilling Prophecy, and the Inherent Responsibility of Scholars. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 33–58. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9039-3.

    Google Scholar 

  49. Granitz, N., & Loewy, D. (2007). “Applying Ethical Theories: Interpreting and Responding to Student Plagiarism.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 72. Iss. 3, 293–306.

    Google Scholar 

  50. Harwood, J. (2002). “Americans Distrust Institutions in Poll.” Wall Street Journal, June 13, Vol. 239, Iss. 115, p. A4.

    Google Scholar 

  51. Havnes, A. (2004). “Examination and Learning: An Activity-Theoretical Analysis of the Relationship between Assessment and Education Practice.” Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol. 29. Iss. 2, 159–176.

    Google Scholar 

  52. Henderson, B. (2007). Interview with Linda Trevino – Academy of Management Ethics Ombudsperson. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 21–24. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9042-8.

    Google Scholar 

  53. Hosmer, L. (2007). The Ethics of Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  54. Jarman, R., Warner, B., & Gill, G. (2006). Cheater, Cheater, Pumpkin Eater: Dealing with Cheating in a Large Class. Informing Faculty: An International Journal of Higher Education Cases, 1, 1–22.

    Google Scholar 

  55. Junion-Metz, G. (2000). “The E-Plagiarism Plague.” School Library Journal, 46:43-44.

    Google Scholar 

  56. Karri, R., Caldwell, C., Antonacopoulou, E.P., & Naegle, D. (2005). Building Trust in Schools of Business – Opportunities for Ethical Governance. Journal of Academic Ethics, 3(2-4), 159–182. doi:10.1007/s10805-006-9012-6.

    Google Scholar 

  57. Kennedy, M.J., & Horn, L.C. (2007). Thoughts on Ethics Education in the Business School Environment: An Interview with Dr. Jerry Trapnell, AACSB. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 77–84. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9043-7.

    Google Scholar 

  58. Kennedy P., Bisping, T. O, Patron, H., and Roskelley, K.: 2008, “Modeling Academic Dishonesty: The Role of Student Perceptions and Misconduct Type.” Journal of Economic Education, Vol. 39, Iss. 1, pp. 4-21.

    Google Scholar 

  59. Klein, H., Levenburg, N., McKendall, M., & Mothersell, W. (2007). Cheating During the College Years: How Do Business School Students Compare? Journal of Business Ethics, 72, 197–206. doi:10.1007/s10551-006-9165-7.

    Google Scholar 

  60. Kohlberg, L. (1985). “The Just Community Approach to Moral Education in Theory and Practice.” In M. W. Berkowitz and F. Oser (Eds.). Moral Education: Theory and Practice. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, pp. 27-88.

    Google Scholar 

  61. Kotter, J.P. (1996). Leading Change. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

    Google Scholar 

  62. Krehmeyer, D.: 2007, ‹Teaching Business Ethics: A Critical Need’, Business Week Online, October 26, p. 4

  63. Lennick, D., & Kiel, F.(2008). Moral Intelligence: Enhancing Business Performance and Leadership Success. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Wharton Business School Press.

    Google Scholar 

  64. Leonard, and LaBrasseur, (2008). “Individual Assignments and Academic Dishonesty – Exploring the Learning Conundrum.” Australian Educational Researcher, Vol. 35, Iss. 1, pp. 37-56.

    Google Scholar 

  65. Levy and Rakovski.C. C., (2006). “A Zero Tolerance Professor and Student Registration Choices.” Research in Higher Education, Vol. 47, Iss. 6, pp. 735-754.

    Google Scholar 

  66. Lin and Wen. (2007). “Academic Dishonesty in Higher Education—A Nationwide Study in Taiwan.” Higher Education, Vol. 54. Iss. 1, 85–97.

    Google Scholar 

  67. Locke, E.A. (2006). Business Ethics: A Way Out of the Morass. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 5(3), 324–332.

    Google Scholar 

  68. Magnus, J.R., Polterovich, V.M., Danilov, D.L., & Savvateev, A.V. (2002). Tolerance of Cheatinging: An Analysis across Countries. The Journal of Economic Education, 33(1), 125–135.

    Google Scholar 

  69. Marnburg, E. (2000). “The Behavioural Effects of Corporate Ethical Codes: Empirical Findings and Discussion.” Business Ethics: A European Review, Vol. 9. Iss. 3, 200–210.

    Google Scholar 

  70. McCabe, D.L. (2005). “Academic Dishonesty & Educational Opportunity.” Liberal Education, Vol. 91. Iss. 3, 26–31.

    Google Scholar 

  71. McCabe, D.L., Butterfield, K.D., & Trevino, L.K. (2003). “Faculty and Academic Integrity: The Influence of Current Honor Codes and Past Honor Code Experiences.” Research in Higher Education, Vol. 44. Iss. 3, 367–385.

    Google Scholar 

  72. McCabe, D.L., Butterfield, K.D., & Trevino, L.K. (2006). “Academic Dishonesty in Graduate Business Programs: Prevalence, Causes, and Proposed Action.” Academy of Management Learning & Education, Vol. 5. Iss. 3, 294–305.

    Google Scholar 

  73. McCabe, D.L., & Trevino, L.K. (1993). Academic Dishonesty: Honor Codes and Other Contextual Influences. The Journal of Higher Education, 64(5), 522–538. doi:10.2307/2959991.

    Google Scholar 

  74. McCabe, D.L., Trevino, L.K., & Butterfield, K.D. (2001). Cheating in Academic Institutions: A Decade of Research. Ethics & Behavior, 11, 220. doi:10.1207/S15327019EB1103_2.

    Google Scholar 

  75. McCabe, D.L., Trevino, L.K., & Butterfield, K.D. (2002). Honor Codes and Other Contextual Influences on Academic Integrity: A Replication and Extension to Modified Honor Code Settings. Research in Higher Education, 43(3), 357–378. doi:10.1023/A:1014893102151.

    Google Scholar 

  76. McLean, B., & Elkind, P.(2003). The Smartest Guys in the Room: The Amazing Rise and Scandalous Fall of Enron. New York: Penguin Group.

    Google Scholar 

  77. Melendez, B. (1985). Honor Code Study, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.

    Google Scholar 

  78. Merritt, J.: 2003, ‹Ethics is Also B-School Business’, Business Week Online, January 17, p. N

  79. Mintzberg, H. (2005). Managers not MBAs: A Hard Look at the Soft Practice of Managing and Management Development. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.

    Google Scholar 

  80. Mintzberg, H., & Gosling, J. (2002). Educating Managers Beyond Borders. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 1, 64–76.

    Google Scholar 

  81. Moberg, D.J. (2006). Best Intentions, Worst Results: Grounding Ethics Students in the Realties of Organizational Context. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 5(3), 307–316.

    Google Scholar 

  82. Morrow, D. (2008). “Don’t Lie, Don’t Cheat, Don’t Steal.” BizEd, Vol. 7. Iss. 2, 46–48.

    Google Scholar 

  83. Murdock, T.B., & Anderman, E.M. (2006). “Motivational Perspectives on Student Cheating: Toward an Integrated Model of Academic Dishonesty.” Educational Psychologist, Vol. 41. Iss. 3, 129–145.

    Google Scholar 

  84. Naimi, L. (2007). “Strategies for Teaching Research Ethics in Business, Management and Organisational Studies.” Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, Vol. 5. Iss. 1, 26–39.

    Google Scholar 

  85. Neelankavil, J. P.: 1994 “Corporate America’s Quest for an Ideal MBA.” Journal of Management Development, Vol. 13(5), pp. 38-52.

    Google Scholar 

  86. Newstead, S.E., Franklyn-Stokes, A., & Armstead, P. (1996). Individual Differences in Student Cheating. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88, 229–241. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.88.2.229.

    Google Scholar 

  87. Nonis and Swift. (2001). “An Examination of the Relationship between Academic Dishonesty and Workplace Dishonest: A Multicampus Investigation.” Journal of Education for Business, Vol. 77. Iss. 2, 69–76.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  88. Penn, W.Y., Jr, & Collier, B.D. (1985). “Current Research in Moral Development as a Decision Support System.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 4. Iss. 2, 131–136.

    Google Scholar 

  89. Pfeffer, J. (1998). The Human Equation: Building Profits by Putting People First. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

    Google Scholar 

  90. Pfeffer, J., & Fong, C.T. (2002). “The End of Business Schools? Less Success Than Meets the Eye.” Academy of Management Learning & Education, Vol. 1. Iss. 1, 78–95.

    Google Scholar 

  91. Poff, D.C. (2007). Duties Owed in Serving Students: The Importance of Teaching Moral Reasononing and Theories of Ethical Leadership in Educating Business Students. Journal of Academic Ethics, 5(1), 25–32. doi:10.1007/s10805-007-9040-x.

    Google Scholar 

  92. Procario-Foley, E.G., & Bean, D.F. (2002). Institutions of Higher Education: Cornerstones in Building Ethical Organizations. Teaching Business Ethics, 6, 101–116. doi:10.1023/A:1014214909390.

    Google Scholar 

  93. Rawe, J. (2007). “A Question of Honor.” Time, May 28, Vol. 169. Iss. 22, 59–60.

    Google Scholar 

  94. Rawwas, M., Swaidan, Z., & Isakson, H. (2007). “A Comparative Study of Ethical Beliefs of Master of Business Administration Students in the United States With Those In Hong Kong.” Journal of Education for Business, Vol. 82. Iss. 3, 146–158.

    Google Scholar 

  95. Rest, J., & Thoma, S.J.(1986). “Educational Programs and Interventions.” In J. Rest (Ed.) Moral Development: Advances in Research and Theory. New York: Praeger Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  96. Ritter, B. (2006). “Can Business Ethics Be Trained? A Study of the Ethical Decision-making Process in Business Students.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 68. Iss. 2, 153–164.

    Google Scholar 

  97. Ross, K.A. (2005). “Academic Dishonesty and the Internet.” Communications of the ACM, Vol. 48. Iss. 10, 29–31. doi:10.3166/isi.10.3.29-48.

    Google Scholar 

  98. Salbu, S. (2002). “Foreword.” In B. Cruver (Ed.). Anatomy of Greed: The Unshredded Truth From an Enron Insider. London: Hutchinson.

    Google Scholar 

  99. Satava, D., Caldwell, C., & Richards, L. (2006). “Ethics and the Auditing Culture: Rethinking the Foundation of Accounting and Auditing.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 64. Iss. 3, 271–284.

    Google Scholar 

  100. Schein, E.H. (2003). Organizational Culture and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

    Google Scholar 

  101. Scholtes, P.R., Joiner, B.L., & Streibel, B.(2003). The Team Handbook (3rd Edition). Madison, WI: Oriel Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  102. Sharkey, J. R., and Culp, F. B. (2005). “Cyberplagiarism and the Library: Issues and Solutions.” Reference Librarian, 44(91/92), pp 103-116.

    Google Scholar 

  103. Shoemaker, P.J.H. (2008). “The Future Challenges of Business: Rethinking Management Education.” California Management Review, Vol. 50. Iss. 3, 119–139.

    Google Scholar 

  104. Sileo, J.M., & Sileo, T.W. (2008). “Academic Dishonesty and Online Classes: A Rural Education Perspective.” Rural Special Education Quarterly, Vol. 27. Iss. 1/2, 55–60.

    Google Scholar 

  105. Simon, A.S., Carr, J.R., McCullough, S., Morgan, S.J., Oleson, T., & Resse, M. (2003). The Other Side of Academic Dishonest: The Relationship between Faculty Skepticism, Gender and Strategies for Managing Student Academic Dishonesty Cases. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 28(2), 193–207. doi:10.1080/02602930301669.

    Google Scholar 

  106. Simon, C.A., Carr, J.R., McCullough, S.M., Morgan, S.J., Oleson, T., & Resse, M. (2004). Gender, Student Perceptions, Institutional Commitments and Academic Dishonesty: Who Reports in Academic Dishonesty Cases? Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 29(1), 75–90. doi:10.1080/0260293032000158171.

    Google Scholar 

  107. Sims, R.L. (1993). “The Relationship between Academic Dishonesty and Unethical Business Practices.” Journal of Education for Business, Vol. 68. Iss. 4, 207–211.

    Google Scholar 

  108. Sims, R., & Felton, E. (2006). “Designing and Delivering Business Ethics Teaching and Learning.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 63. Iss. 3, 297–312.

    Google Scholar 

  109. Starkey, K., Hatchuel, A., & Tempest, S. (2004). “Rethinking the Business School.” Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 41. Iss. 8, 1521–1531.

    Google Scholar 

  110. Strom, P.S., & Strom, R.D. (2007). “Curbing Cheating, Raising Integrity.” Education Digest, Vol. 72. Iss. 8, 42–50.

    Google Scholar 

  111. Swift, C.O., & Nonis, S. (1998). When No One is Watching: Cheating Behaviors on Projects and Assignments. Marketing Education Review, 8, 27–36.

    Google Scholar 

  112. Taylor-Bianco, A., & Deeter-Schmelz, D. (2007). “An Exploration of Gender and Cultural Differences in MBA Students’ Cheating Behavior: Implications for the Classroom.” Journal of Teaching in International Business, Vol. 18. Iss. 4, 81–99.

    Google Scholar 

  113. Trevino, L.K., Butterfield, K.D., & McCabe, D.L. (1998). “The Ethical Context in Organizations: Influences on Employee Attitudes and Behaviors.” Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 8. Iss. 3, 447–476.

    Google Scholar 

  114. Trevino, L.K., & McCabe, D. (1994). “Meta-learning About Business Ethics: Building Honorable Business School Communities.” Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 13. Iss. 6, 405–416.

    Google Scholar 

  115. Vega, G. (2007). “Teaching Business Ethics Through Service Learning Metaprojects.” Journal of Management Education, Vol. 31. Iss. 5, 647–678.

    Google Scholar 

  116. Vojak, C. (2006). What Market Culture Teaches Students about Ethical Behavior. Ethics and Education, 1(2), 177–195. doi:10.1080/17449640600950808.

    Google Scholar 

  117. Weber, J. (2006). Implementing an Organizational Ethics Program in an Academic Environment: The Challenges and Opportunities for the Duquesne University Schools of Business. Journal of Business Ethics, 65, 23–42. doi:10.1007/s10551-005-3970-2.

    Google Scholar 

  118. Wood, G., & Warnken, P. (2004). “Academic Original Sin: Plagiarism, the Internet, and Librarians.” Journal of Academic Librarianship, Vol. 30. Iss. 3, 237–242.

    Google Scholar 

  119. Zimny, S.T., Robertson, D.U., & Bartoszek, T. (2008). “Academic and Personal Dishonesty in College Students.” North American Journal of Psychology, Vol. 10. Iss. 2, 291–312.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Cam Caldwell.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Caldwell, C. A Ten-Step Model for Academic Integrity: A Positive Approach for Business Schools. J Bus Ethics 92, 1–13 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-009-0144-7

Download citation

Key words

  • teaching business ethics
  • academic dishonesty
  • academic integrity