Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 91, Issue 4, pp 501–518 | Cite as

The Impact of Diversity Promise Fulfillment on Professionals of Color Outcomes in the USA

  • E. Holly ButtnerEmail author
  • Kevin B. Lowe
  • Lenora Billings-Harris


This paper explores the relationship between psychological contract violations (PCVs) related to diversity climate and professional employee outcomes. We found that for our sample of US professionals of color including US-born African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans, employee perceptions of breach in diversity promise fulfillment (DPF), after controlling for more general organizational promise fulfillment (OPF), led to lower reported organizational commitment (OC) and higher turnover intentions (TI). Interactional justice partially mediated the relationship between DPF and outcomes. Procedural justice and DPF interacted to influence OC of employees of color. For respondents who perceived a lack of DPF, moderate racial awareness was associated with greater PCV. We discuss the implications of the findings and provide directions for future research.


diversity diversity climate justice psychological contract commitment turnover intentions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Holly Buttner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kevin B. Lowe
    • 1
  • Lenora Billings-Harris
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North Carolina, GreensboroGreensboroU.S.A.

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