Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 465–480 | Cite as

Workplace Values and Outcomes: Exploring Personal, Organizational, and Interactive Workplace Spirituality

  • Robert W. KolodinskyEmail author
  • Robert A. Giacalone
  • Carole L. Jurkiewicz


Spiritual values in the workplace, increasingly discussed and applied in the business ethics literature, can be viewed from an individual, organizational, or interactive perspective. The following study examined previously unexplored workplace spirituality outcomes. Using data collected from five samples consisting of full-time workers taking graduate coursework, results indicated that perceptions of organizational-level spirituality (“organizational spirituality”) appear to matter most to attitudinal and attachment-related outcomes. Specifically, organizational spirituality was found to be positively related to job involvement, organizational identification, and work rewards satisfaction, and negatively related to organizational frustration. Personal spirituality was positively related to intrinsic, extrinsic, and total work rewards satisfaction. The interaction of personal spirituality and organizational spirituality was found related to total work rewards satisfaction. Future workplace spirituality research directions are discussed.


worker values workplace spirituality ethics worker attitudes work outcomes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert W. Kolodinsky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert A. Giacalone
    • 2
  • Carole L. Jurkiewicz
    • 3
  1. 1.ManagementJames Madison UniversityHarrisonburgU.S.A.
  2. 2.Human Resource Management, Temple UniversityThe Fox SchoolPhiladelphiaU.S.A.
  3. 3.Public Administration InstituteLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeU.S.A.

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