Advertisement

Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 313–322 | Cite as

Perceived Behavioral Integrity: Relationships with Employee Attitudes, Well-Being, and Absenteeism

  • David J. ProttasEmail author
Article

Abstract

Relationships between the behavioral integrity of managers as perceived by employees and employee attitudes (job satisfaction and life satisfaction), well-being (stress and health), and behaviors (absenteeism) were tested using data from the 2002 National Study of the Changing Workforce (n = 2,820). Using multivariate and univariate analysis, perceived behavioral integrity (PBI) was positively related to job and life satisfaction and negatively related to stress, poor health, and absenteeism. The effect size for the relationship with job satisfaction was medium-to-large while the effect sizes with respect to the other variables were small-to-medium. There was no support for the hypotheses that women would perceive lower levels of behavioral integrity and that the strength of the relationships between PBI and the outcomes variables would be stronger among women than among men.

Keywords

absenteeism behavioral integrity employee attitudes job satisfaction performance managerial ethics person-environment fit stakeholder theory stress 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams J. S. (1963) Toward an Understanding of Inequity. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 67, 422–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker T. L., Hunt T. G. (2003) An Exploratory Investigation into the Effects of Team Composition on Moral Orientation. Journal of Managerial Issues, 15, 106–119Google Scholar
  3. Bjerregaard B., Lord V. B. (2004) An Examination of the Ethical and Value Orientation of Criminal Justice Students. Police Quarterly, 7, 262–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bond J. T., Thompson C., Galinsky E., Prottas D. (2003) Highlights of the National Study of the Changing Workforce, No. 3, 2002. Families and Work Institute, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Chatman J. A. (1991) Matching People and Organizations: Selection and Socialization in Public Accounting Firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36, 459–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chun R. (2005) Ethical Character and Virtue of Organizations: An Empirical Assessment and Strategic Implications. Journal of Business Ethics 57, 269–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cohen J. (1992) A Power Primer. Psychological Bulletin 112, 155–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cohen-Charash Y., Spector P. E. (2001) The Role of Justice in Organizations: A Meta-Analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 86, 278–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Craig S. B., Gustafson S. B. (1998) Perceived Leader Integrity Scale: An Instrument for Assessing Employee Perceptions of Leader Integrity. The Leadership Quarterly 9, 127–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Davis A. L., Rothstein H. R. (2006) The Effects of the Perceived Behavioral Integrity of Managers on Employee Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics 67, 407–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davis, M. C., K. A. Matthews and E. W. Twamley: 1999, ‹Is Life More Difficult on Mars or Venus? A Meta-Analytic Review of Sex Differences in Major and Minor Life Events’, Annals of Behavioral Medicine 21, 83–97Google Scholar
  12. Dineen B. R., Lewicki R. J., Tomlinson E. C. (2006) Supervisory Guidance and Behavioral Integrity: Relationships with Employee Citizenship and Deviant Behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology 91, 622–635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Donaldson T., Preston L. E. (1995) The Stakeholder Theory of the Corporation: Concepts, Evidence, and Implications. Academy of Management Review 20, 65–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Johnson J. L., O’Leary-Kelly A. M. (2003) The Effects of Psychological Contract Breach and Organizational Cynicism: Not All Social Exchange Violations are Created Equal. Journal of Organizational Behavior 24, 627–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jones T. M (1995) Instrumental Stakeholder Theory: A Synthesis of Ethics and Economics. Academy of Management Review 20, 404–437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kinnicki A. J., McKee-Ryan F. M., Schriesheim C. A., Carson K. P. (2002) Assessing the Construct Validity of the Job Descriptive Index: A Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology 87, 14–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koehn D. (2005) Integrity as a Business Asset. Journal of Business Ethics 58, 125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kristof-Brown A. L., Zimmerman R. D., Johnson E. C. (2005) Consequences of Individuals’ Fit at Work: A Meta-Analysis of Person-Job, Person-Organization, Person-Group, and Person-Supervisor Fit. Personnel Psychology 58, 281–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. LePine J. A., A. Erez and D. E. Johnson: 2002, ‹The Nature and Dimensionality of Organizational Citizenship Behavior: A Critical Review and Meta-Analysis’, Journal of Applied Psychology 87, 52–65Google Scholar
  20. Lind E. A., Tyler T. R. (1988) The Social Psychology of Procedural Justice. Plenum Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Moser M. M (1988) Ethical Conflict at Work: A Critique of the Literature and Recommendations for Future Research. Journal of Business Ethics 7, 381–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. O’Reilly, C. A., Chatman J. A., Caldwell D. F. (1991) People and Organizational Culture: Assessing Person-Organization Fit. Academy of Management Journal 34, 487–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Organ D. W., Ryan K. (1995) A Meta-Analytical Review of Attitudinal and Dispositional Predictors of Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Personnel Psychology 48, 775–802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parry K. W., Proctor-Thomson S. B. (2002) Perceived Integrity of Transformational Leaders in Organizational Settings. Journal of Business Ethics 35, 75–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pfeffer, J.: 1994, ‹Competitive Advantage through People’, California Management Review 36, 9–28Google Scholar
  26. Podsakoff P. M., MacKenzie S. B., Paine J. B., D Bachrach (2000) Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Critical Review of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature and Suggestions for Future Research. Journal of Management 26, 513–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rousseau D. M. (1989) Psychological and Implied Contracts in Organizations. Employees Responsibilities and Rights Journal 2, 121–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Simons, T. L.: 1999, ‹Behavioral Integrity as a Critical Ingredient for Transformational Leadership’, Journal of Organizational Change Management 12, 89–104Google Scholar
  29. Simons T. (2002a) Behavioral Integrity: The Perceived Alignment Between Managers’ Words and Deeds as a Research Focus. Organization Science 13, 18–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Simons T. (2002b) The High Cost of Lost Trust. Harvard Business Review 80, 18–19Google Scholar
  31. Thibaut J. W., Walker L. (1975) Procedural Justice: A Psychological Analysis. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJGoogle Scholar
  32. Verquer M.L., Beehr T. A., Wagner S. H. (2003) A Meta-Analysis of Relations Between Person – Organization Fit and Work Attitudes. Journal of Vocational Behavior 63, 473–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Verschoor C. C. (1998) A Study of the Link Between a Corporation’s Financial Performance and its Commitment to Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 17, 1509–1516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Vroom V. H. (1964) Work and Motivation. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  35. Wee H. (2002) April 11, Commentary. Corporate Ethics: Right Makes Might. Business Week Online. Retrieved December 22, 2006 from Academic Search Premier Accession # 6507087Google Scholar
  36. Weaver G. R., L. K. Treviño, Cochran P. L. (1999) Corporate Ethics Practices in the Mid-1990’s: An Empirical Study of the Fortune 1000. Journal of Business Ethics 18, 283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Webley S., More E. (2003) Does Business Ethics Pay? Ethics and Financial Performance. Institute of Business Ethics, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management, Marketing & Decision SciencesAdelphi UniversityGarden CityU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations