Skip to main content
Log in

The International Business Ethics Index: Japan

  • Published:
Journal of Business Ethics Aims and scope Submit manuscript


The Business Ethics Index (BEI) was expanded in Japan. The overall BEI for Japan stands at 99.1 – slightly on the negative side. The component BEI patterns were similar to those in the U.S. In an open-ended question about their ethical experiences as consumers, the Japanese were concerned about customer service and good management practices.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Black W. K. (2004) The Dango Tango: Why Corruption Blocks Real Reform in Japan. Business Ethics Quarterly 14(4):603–609

    Google Scholar 

  • Boardman C. M., Kato H. K. (2003) The Confucian Roots of Business Kyosei. Journal of Business Ethics 48(4):317–325

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • BusinessWorld: 2003, ‚Japan Beefs Up Corporate Ethics after Series of Scams’, January, 31, 1

  • Carter Y. (2005) Postcard from Tokyo. NZ Business 19(7):34–35

    Google Scholar 

  • Chikudate N. (2000) A Phenomenological Approach to Inquiring into an Ethically Bankrupt Organization: A Case Study of a Japanese Company. Journal of Business Ethics 28(1):59–72

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chirayath V., Eslinger K., DeZolt E. (2002) Differential Association, Multiple Normative Standards, and the Increasing Incidence of Corporate Deviance in an Era of Globalization. Journal of Business Ethics 41(1/2):131–140

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Demise N. (2005) Business Ethics and Corporate Governance in Japan. Business and Society 44(2):211–217

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dollinger M.J. (1988) Confucian Ethics and Japanese Management Practices. Journal of Business Ethics 7(8):575–584

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Erffmeyer R.C., Keilor B.D., LeClair D.T. (1999) An Empirical Investigation of Japanese Consumer Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 18(1):35–50

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Knight Ridder Tribune Business News: 2006, ‚Ethics Power Indian Customers’ Buys’, May, 18, 1

  • Kobayashi H. (2005) Religion in the Public Sphere: Challenges and Opportunities in Japan. Brigham Young University Law Review 3:683–711

    Google Scholar 

  • Koehn D. (1999) What Can Eastern Philosophy Teach Us About Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 19(1):71–79

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kuno, K.: 1977, ‚Kigyo Moral no Nichi-Bei Hiakau (A␣Comparative Study of Corporate Morals between Japan and the U.S.)’, Diamond Harvard Business (Nov.–Dec.), 36–44

  • Miles L. (2006) The Application of Anglo-American Corporate Practices in Societies Influenced by Confucian Values. Business and Society Review 111(3):305–322

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nakano C. (1997) A Survey Study on Japanese Managers’ Views of Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 16:1737–1751

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ralston D. A., Holt D. H., Terpstra R. H., Kai-Cheng Y. (1997) The Impact of National Culture and Economic Ideology on Managerial Work Values: A Study of the United States, Russia, Japan, and China. Journal of International Business Studies 28(1):177–207

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rawwas M. Y. A., Swaidan Z., Al-Khatib J. (2006) Does Religion Matter? A Comparison Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Marketing Students of Religious and Secular Universities in Japan. Journal of Business Ethics 65:69–86

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tsalikis J., Seaton B. (2006a) Business Ethics Index: Measuring Consumer Sentiments Toward Business Ethical Practices. Journal of Business Ethics 64(4):317–326

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tsalikis, J. and B. Seaton: 2007a, ‚Business Ethics Index: U.S.A 2006’, Journal of Business Ethics 72(2), 163–175

  • Tsalikis, J. and B. Seaton: 2007b, ‚International Business Ethics Index: The European Union’, Journal of Business Ethics Forthcoming

  • Tsalikis, J., B. Seaton, and T. Li: 2007c, ‚International Business Ethics Index: The Emerging Economies of Asia’, Journal of Business Ethics Forthcoming

  • Welford R. (2005) Corporate Social Responsibility in Europe, North America and Asia. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship 17: 33–52

    Google Scholar 

  • Whitcomb L. L., Erdener C. B., Li C. (1998) Business Ethical Values in China and the U.S Journal of Business Ethics 17(8):839–852

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to John Tsalikis.

Additional information

John Tsalikis is an Associate Professor of Marketing at Florida International University. His articles have appeared in the Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Journal of Business Ethics, and Psychology in Marketing.

Bruce Seaton is an Associate Professor of Marketing at Florida International University. His research interests include the role of national stereotyping in consumer choice and the application of experimental methods to investigate models of business ethics. His articles have appeared in the Journal of Advertising, Journal of Business Research, and Journal of Global Marketing.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tsalikis, J., Seaton, B. The International Business Ethics Index: Japan. J Bus Ethics 80, 379–385 (2008).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: