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Academic Integrity: The Relationship between Individual and Situational Factors on Misconduct Contemplations

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Abstract

Recent, well-publicized scandals, involving unethical conduct have rekindled interest in academic misconduct. Prior studies of academic misconduct have focussed exclusively on situational factors (e.g., integrity culture, honor codes), demographic variables or personality constructs. We contend that it is important to also examine how␣these classes of variables interact to influence perceptions of and intentions relating to academic misconduct. In a sample of 217 business students, we examined how integrity culture interacts with Prudence and Adjustment to explain variance in estimated frequency of cheating, suspicions of cheating, considering cheating and reporting cheating. Age, integrity culture, and personality variables were significantly related to different criteria. Overall, personality variables explained the most unique variance in academic misconduct, and Adjustment interacted with integrity culture, such that integrity culture had more influence on intentions to cheat for less well-adjusted individuals. Implications for practice are discussed and future research directions are offered.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Jill Turner of Hogan Assessment Systems for help with data collection, Mouhammad Akkoumi for help with data entry and Tago Mharapara for help with manuscript review.

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Correspondence to Jennifer L. Kisamore.

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Dilek Cetindamar received her B.S. degree from Industrial Engineering Department at Bogazici University (BU), her MA degree from Economics Department at BU, and her Ph.D. degree from management Department at Istanbul Technical University in 1995. Before her appointment to the Faculty of Management at Sabanci University in 1999, she worked in the following universities: BU, Case Western Reserve University (USA), Portland State University (USA), and Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden). She has seven books, 15 book chapters, and 22 papers published in various international journals. She received an encouragement award from Turkish Science Academy in 2003. Her main interest and research topics are Technology Management, Development Economics and Entrepreneurship.

Kristoffer Husoy has a Master of Arts in European studies of society, Science and Technology from the University of Oslo and a Master of Science in Engineering Cybernetics from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Research interests are Corporate Social Responsibility, environmental, technology and human computer interaction. He recently holds a scientist position at ABB Corporate Research in Oslo, Norway.

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Kisamore, J.L., Stone, T.H. & Jawahar, I.M. Academic Integrity: The Relationship between Individual and Situational Factors on Misconduct Contemplations. J Bus Ethics 75, 381–394 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-006-9260-9

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