Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 75, Issue 3, pp 229–238 | Cite as

The International Business Ethics Index: European Union

Article

Abstract

The present study expands the systematic measurement of consumers’ sentiments towards business ethical practices to the international arena. Data for the Business Ethics Index (BEI) were gathered in three countries of the European Union (UK, Germany, Spain). The Germans were the most pessimistic while the British were the most optimistic about the future ethical behaviour of businesses.

Keywords

business ethics consumer sentiments business ethics index (BEI) UK Germany Spain 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Argandona A. (1999) Business Ethics in Spain. Journal of Business Ethics 22(3):155–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker H., Fritzsche D. J. (1987) Business Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Manager’s Attitudes. Journal of Business Ethics 6(4):289–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benoit, B.: 2000, Kamps Seeks to Become Flavour of the Month Again. Financial Times (May 3), 36Google Scholar
  4. Bigoness W. J., Blakely G. L. (1996) A Cross-Cultural Study of Managerial Values. Journal of International Business Studies 27(4):739–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bold, B.: 2003, Ethical Work not Being Exploited. Marketing (Nov 20), 4Google Scholar
  6. Brooks, L. J.: 1998, Remarks made to the Canadian Centre for Ethics and Corporate Policy, http://www.ethicscentre.ca
  7. Bussey, N.: 2006, Is it Important to be an Ethical Brand? Campaign (March 17), 17Google Scholar
  8. Cooper D. E. (2004) Ethics for Professionals in a Multi-Cultural World. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  9. Dees G., Starr J. (1992) Entrepreneurship through an Ethical Lens: Dilemmas and Issues for Research and Practice. In: Sexton D., Kasarda J. (eds) The State of the Art in Entrepreneurship. PWS-Kent Publishing Co, Boston MAGoogle Scholar
  10. Ferrell O. C., Gresham L. G. (1985) A Contingency Framework for Understanding Ethical Decision Making in Marketing. Journal of Marketing 49(3):87–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fraedrich J., Jr. Herndon N. C., Iyer R., Yuen-Ping Yu W. (2000) A values Approach to Understanding Ethical Business Relationships in the 21st Century: A Comparison Between Germany, India, The People’s Republic of China, and the United States’. Teaching Business Ethics 4(1):23–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gilbert, H.: 2006, McDonald’s Tops Index of Unethical Companies. Supply Management 11 (April 27), 9Google Scholar
  13. Goodwin H., Francis J. (2003) Ethical and Responsible Tourism: Consumer Trends in the UK. Journal of Vacation Marketing 9(3):271–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grimond J. (1995) The Odd Couple. Economist 337(Nov. 25):s5–s6Google Scholar
  15. Gwyther, M.: 2002, Editorial: Britain’s Stable isn’t that Filthy. Management Today (August), 4Google Scholar
  16. Husted B. W., Dozier J. B., McMahon J. T., Kattan M. W. (1996) The Impact of Cross-National Carriers of Business Ethics on Attitudes about Questionable Practices and Form of Moral Reasoning. Journal of International Business Studies 27(2):391–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jackson T., Artola M. C. (1997) Ethical Beliefs and Management Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. Journal of Business Ethics 16(11):1163–1173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jeurissen R. J. M., van Luijk H. J. L. (1998) The Ethical Reputations of Managers in Nine EU Countries: A Cross-referential Survey. Journal of Business Ethics 17(9/10):995–1005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnson J., Tellis G. J., MacInnis D. J. (2005) Losers, Winners and Biased Trades. Journal of Consumer Research 32(2):324–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Maigan I. (2001) Consumers Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibilities: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. Journal of Business Ethics 30(1):57–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Palazzo B. (2002) U.S.-American and German Business Ethics: An Intercultural Comparison. Journal of Business Ethics 41(3):195–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Polonsky M. J., Brito P. Q., Pinto J., Higgs-Kleyn N. (2001) Consumer Ethics in the European Union: A Comparison of Northern and Southern Views. Journal of Business Ethics 31(2):117–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ralston D. A., Holt D. H., Terpstra R. H., Kai-Cheng Y. (1997) The Impact of National Culture and Economic Ideology on Managerial Work Values: A Study of the United States, Russia, Japan, and China. Journal of International Business Studies 28 (1):177–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rittenburg, T. L., Valentine S. R. (2002) Spanish and American Executives’ Ethical Judgments and Intentions. Journal of Business Ethics 38(4):291–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Singer A. W. (1991) Ethics: Are Standards Lower Overseas? Across the Board 28(9):31–35Google Scholar
  26. The Economist (2002) Business: Not so Different After all; European Companies. The Economist 364(July 13):63Google Scholar
  27. Tsalikis J., Seaton B. (2006a) Business Ethics Index: Measuring Consumer Sentiments Toward Business Ethical Practices. Journal of Business Ethics 64(4):317–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tsalikis J., Seaton B.: 2006b, Business Ethics Index: USA 2006. Journal of Business Ethics (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  29. Valentine S. R., Rittenburg T. L. (2004) Spanish and American Business Professional’s Ethical Evaluations in Global Situations. Journal of Business Ethics 51(1):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Van Luijk H. J. L. (1997) Business Ethics in Western and Northern Europe: A Search for Effective Alliances. Journal of Business Ethics 16(14):1579–1587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vittell S. J., Muncy J. (1992) Consumer Ethics: An Empirical Investigation of Factors Influencing Ethical Judgments of the Final Consumer. Journal of Business Ethics 11(8):585–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Vittell S. J., Paolillo J. G. P. (2004) A Cross-Cultural Study of the Antecedents of the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility. Business Ethics 13(2–3):185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vogel D. (1992) The Globalization of Business Ethics: Why America Remains Distinctive. California Management Review 35 (1):30–49Google Scholar
  34. Whipple T. W., Swords D. F. (1992) Business Ethics Judgments: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. Journal of Business Ethics 11(9):671–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wines W. A., Napier N. K. (1992) Toward an Understanding of Cross-Cultural Ethics: A Tentative Model. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (11):831–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wood G. (1995) Ethics at the Purchasing/Sales Interface: An International Perspective. International Marketing Review 12(4):7–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MarketingFlorida International UniversityMiamiU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations