The role of programmed death ligand-1 and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in breast cancer overexpressing HER2 gene
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The purpose of the study is to investigate the prognostic significance of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in HER2+ breast cancer (BC).
HER2+ BC cases (n = 191) were collected between 1996 and 2013. Tissue microarray (TMA) slides were stained with two clones of PD-L1 antibodies (28-8 and 22C3) and the percentage of positive membranous staining was scored. TILs of the full sections were also scored using percentage scale.
Clone 28-8 had expression in ≥ 1% of the tumor cells in 25.7% of the cases, while clone 22C3 in ≥ 1% of the tumor cells was expressed in 11.5% of the cases. In the multivariate analysis, higher expression of PD-L1 (clone 28-8) in tumor correlated with lower risk of tumor recurrence, with HR of 0.4 (p = 0.033). Higher level of TILs (> 15%) predicts better overall survival (OS) in all patients with HR of 0.35 (p = 0.0046). In the group of patients who were treated with trastuzumab-based adjuvant chemotherapy, lower PD-L1 (clone 28-8) expression in TILs correlated with tumor recurrence (p = 0.034). In the group of patients who were treated with non-trastuzumab-based adjuvant chemotherapy, lower TILs and lower PD-L1 (clone 28-8) expression in tumor had borderline statistical significance in association with tumor recurrence (p = 0.064 and 0.083, respectively). In the group of patients who were treated with trastuzumab-based adjuvant chemotherapy, PD-L1 or TILs was not statistically significant to predict 5-year survival. In the group of patients who were treated with non-trastuzumab-based adjuvant chemotherapy, low TILs (p = 0.009) correlated with 5-year death due to disease.
We conclude that PD-L1 may have prognostic significance in HER2+ BCs.
KeywordsPD-L1 Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes HER2 positive breast cancer
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Data archiving is not mandated but data will be made available on reasonable request.
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