Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 159, Issue 3, pp 395–406 | Cite as

Descriptive epidemiology of breast cancer in China: incidence, mortality, survival and prevalence

  • Tong Li
  • Claudia Mello-Thoms
  • Patrick C. Brennan
Review

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common neoplasm diagnosed amongst women worldwide and is the leading cause of female cancer death. However, breast cancer in China is not comprehensively understood compared with Westernised countries, although the 5-year prevalence statistics indicate that approximately 11 % of worldwide breast cancer occurs in China and that the incidence has increased rapidly in recent decades. This paper reviews the descriptive epidemiology of Chinese breast cancer in terms of incidence, mortality, survival and prevalence, and explores relevant factors such as age of manifestation and geographic locations. The statistics are compared with data from the Westernised world with particular emphasis on the United States and Australia. Potential causal agents responsible for differences in breast cancer epidemiology between Chinese and other populations are also explored. The need to minimise variability and discrepancies in methods of data acquisition, analysis and presentation is highlighted.

Keywords

Breast cancer China Incidence Mortality Survival Prevalence 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10549_2016_3947_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (100 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 99 kb)
10549_2016_3947_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (84 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 84 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tong Li
    • 1
  • Claudia Mello-Thoms
    • 1
  • Patrick C. Brennan
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Image Optimisation and Perception Group (MIOPeG), Department of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences, Faculty of Health SciencesThe University of SydneyLidcombeAustralia

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