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Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 124, Issue 3, pp 315–333 | Cite as

SHEBA flux–profile relationships in the stable atmospheric boundary layer

  • Andrey A. GrachevEmail author
  • Edgar L Andreas
  • Christopher W. Fairall
  • Peter S. Guest
  • P. Ola G. Persson
Original Paper

Abstract

Measurements of atmospheric turbulence made during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean Experiment (SHEBA) are used to examine the profile stability functions of momentum, φ m , and sensible heat, φ h , in the stably stratified boundary layer over the Arctic pack ice. Turbulent fluxes and mean meteorological data that cover different surface conditions and a wide range of stability conditions were continuously measured and reported hourly at five levels on a 20-m main tower for 11 months. The comprehensive dataset collected during SHEBA allows studying φ m and φ h in detail and includes ample data for the very stable case. New parameterizations for φ m (ζ) and φ h (ζ) in stable conditions are proposed to describe the SHEBA data; these cover the entire range of the stability parameter ζ = z/L from neutral to very stable conditions, where L is the Obukhov length and z is the measurement height. In the limit of very strong stability, φ m follows a ζ 1/3 dependence, whereas φ h initially increases with increasing ζ, reaches a maximum at ζ ≈ 10, and then tends to level off with increasing ζ. The effects of self-correlation, which occur in plots of φ m and φ h versus ζ, are reduced by using an independent bin-averaging method instead of conventional averaging.

Keywords

Arctic Ocean Flux–profile relationships Monin–Obukhov similarity theory SHEBA Experiment Stable boundary layer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrey A. Grachev
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Edgar L Andreas
    • 3
    • 4
  • Christopher W. Fairall
    • 2
  • Peter S. Guest
    • 5
  • P. Ola G. Persson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.NOAA Earth System Research LaboratoryBoulderUSA
  3. 3.U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering LaboratoryHanoverUSA
  4. 4.NorthWest Research Associates, Inc. (Bellevue Division)LebanonUSA
  5. 5.Naval Postgraduate SchoolMontereyUSA

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