Investigation of parameters that determine Nano-DC vaccine transport

  • Jingxin Zhang
  • Junhua Mai
  • Feng Li
  • Jianliang Shen
  • Guodong Zhang
  • Jun Li
  • Louis E. Hinkle
  • Daniel Lin
  • Xuewu Liu
  • Zheng Li
  • Rong-fu Wang
  • Elizabeth A Mittendorf
  • Mauro FerrariEmail author
  • Haifa ShenEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Issue on Biomedical Micro-Nanotechnologies toward Translation, in Honor of Mauro Ferrari’s 60th Birthday


Effective migration of dendritic cells into the lymphatic system organs is the prerequisite for a functional dendritic cell vaccine. We have previously developed a porous silicon microparticle (PSM)-based therapeutic dendritic cell vaccine (Nano-DC vaccine) where PSM serves both as the vehicle for antigen peptides and an adjuvant. Here, we analyzed parameters that determined dendritic cell uptake of PSM particles and Nano-DC vaccine accumulation in lymphatic tissues in a murine model of HER2-positive breast cancer. Our study revealed a positive correlation between sphericity of the PSM particles and their cellular uptake by circulating dendritic cells. In addition, the intravenously administered vaccines accumulated more in the spleens and inguinal lymph nodes, while the intradermally inoculated vaccines got enriched in the popliteal lymph nodes. Furthermore, mice with large tumors received more vaccines in the lymph nodes than those with small to medium size tumors. Information from this study will provide guidance on design and optimization of future therapeutic cancer vaccines.


Silicon Microparticle Nano-DC vaccine Biodistribution Transport 



This work was partially supported by National Institutes of Health grants R01CA193880, R01CA222959 and U54CA210181, US Department of Defense grant W81XWH-17-1-0389, and METAvivor.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NanomedicineHouston Methodist Research InstituteHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Xiangya Hospital of Central South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.Center for BioenergeticsHouston Methodist Research InstituteHoustonUSA
  4. 4.State key laboratory of ophthalmology, School of Biomedical EngineeringWenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouChina
  5. 5.Center for Inflammation and EpigeneticsHouston Methodist Research InstituteHoustonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women’s HospitalDana-Farber/ Brigham and Women’s Cancer CenterBostonUSA
  7. 7.Breast Oncology ProgramDana-Farber/ Brigham and Women’s Cancer CenterBostonUSA
  8. 8.Department of MedicineWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  9. 9.Department of Cell and Developmental BiologyWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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