Biomedical Microdevices

, 20:93 | Cite as

Dose calculation of radioactive nanoparticles: first considerations for the Design of Theranostic Agents

  • Ralph Santos-OliveiraEmail author
  • Michael G. Stabin


The use of radioactive nanoparticles as imaging and therapeutic agents is increasing globally. Indeed, the use of these nanoparticles as perfect theranostic agent is highly anticipated in the pharmaceutical market. Among the radioactive nanoparticles, liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles and polymeric nanoparticles are the most studied. However little information among adverse reactions, absorbed dose and correct dose to achieve the theranostic goal in a translational application is available. We developed a radioactive polymeric nanoparticle and calculated the absorbed dose in animal model (Wistar rats) using the OLINDA/EXM program. The results showed that some nanoparticle were uptake in five organs and minor elimination through the gastrointestinal and urinary pathways. The data corroborates the safe use in terms of blood-brain barrier and did not show high uptake by liver. The dosimetry data support the safe use of radioactive nanoparticles as theranostic agent.

Graphical abstract


Nanoparticles Absorbed dose Theranostics Safety 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brazilian Nuclear Energy CommissionNuclear Engineering InstituteRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratory of Radiopharmacy and NanoradiopharmaceuticalsZona Oeste State UniversityRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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