Biology and Philosophy symposium on Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World
- 474 Downloads
Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World is an account of modeling in contemporary science. Modeling is a form of surrogate reasoning where target systems in the natural world are studied using models, which are similar to these targets. My book develops an account of the nature of models, the practice of modeling, and the similarity relation that holds between models and their targets. I also analyze the conceptual tools that allow theorists to identify the trustworthy aspects of models. Taken as a whole, I try to account for the ways that modeling is actually practiced by theorists, while abstracting sufficiently to understand the similarities and differences among examples of concrete, mathematical, and computational modeling.
I am grateful to Wendy Parker, Jay Odenbaugh, and Bill Wimsatt for their careful and interesting reading of my book, as well as their constructive criticisms. Although I naturally disagree with some of their critiques, I have learned...
I am grateful to Shereen Chang, Devin Curry, Louise Daoust, Alkistis Elliott-Graves, Karen Kovaka, Dave McCandlish, Emily Parke, and Carlos Santana for a very stimulating discussion about the symposium papers and about what I might say in response.
- Giere RN (1988) Explaining science: a cognitive approach. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- Goodman N (1972) Seven strictures on similarity. In: Problems and projects. Bobbs-Merril, IndianapolisGoogle Scholar
- Grice HP (1975) Logic and conversation. In: Cole P, Morgan J (eds) Syntax and semantics: speech acts, vol 3. Academic Press, New York, pp 41–58Google Scholar
- Grice HP (1981) Presupposition and conversational Implicature. In: Cole P (ed) Radical pragmatics. Academic Press, New York, pp 183–198Google Scholar
- Levins R (1966) The strategy of model building in population biology. Am Sci 54(1):421–431Google Scholar
- Lewis D (1978) Truth in fiction. Am Philos Q 15:37–46Google Scholar
- Parke E (2014) Experiments, simulations, and epistemic privilege. Philos Sci 81(4):516–536Google Scholar
- Quine WV (1969) Natural kinds. In: Ontological relativity, and other essays. Columbia University Press, New York, pp 114–138 Google Scholar
- Simon HA (1969) The sciences of the artificial (136). MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Walton KL (1990) Mimesis as make-believe: on the foundations of the representational arts. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MassGoogle Scholar
- Wimsatt WC (1981) Robustness, reliability, and overdetermination. In: Brewer M, Collins B (eds) Scientific inquiry and the social sciences. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp 124–163Google Scholar
- Wimsatt WC (1987) False models as means to truer theories. In: Nitecki M, Hoffmann A (eds) Neutral models in biology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 23–55Google Scholar