Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 175–180 | Cite as

Has Grafen formalized Darwin?

Commentary on Grafen’s ‘The Formal Darwinism project in outline’
  • Jonathan BirchEmail author


One key aim of Grafen’s Formal Darwinism project is to formalize ‘modern biology’s understanding and updating of Darwin’s central argument’. In this commentary, I consider whether Grafen has succeeded in this aim.


Formal Darwinism Darwin Cumulative adaptation Apparent design 



I thank Anthony Edwards, Warren Ewens, Rufus Johnstone, Tim Lewens, Samir Okasha, Cedric Paternotte and John Welch for their extensive and very helpful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Christ’s CollegeCambridgeUK

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