Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 826–834 | Cite as

Efficient virus-induced gene silencing in Brassica rapa using a turnip yellow mosaic virus vector

  • J. Yu
  • X.-D. Yang
  • Q. Wang
  • L.-W. Gao
  • Y. Yang
  • D. Xiao
  • T.-K. Liu
  • Y. Li
  • X.-L. Hou
  • C.-W. Zhang
Original papers


Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a post-transcriptional gene silencing method used for unraveling gene functions. As an attractive alternative to mutant collections or stable transgenic plants, it has been widely used in reverse-genetics studies owing to its ease use and quick turnaround time. Turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) has the ability to induce VIGS in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, the conventional vector construction is difficult and the efficiencies of the infection methods are low. Here, we improved the vector construction and viral infection methods, inserted an inverted-repeat fragment of the phytoene desaturase gene into a TYMV-derived vector by homologous recombination and transformed Brassica rapa with plasmid DNA harboring a cDNA copy of the TYMV genome through particle bombardment. An apparent photobleaching phenotype was detected and efficient VIGS was induced. An 80-bp fragment was sufficient to produce VIGS in leaves, stems, roots, flowers, siliques, and stalks of B. rapa. Because TYMV has a wide host range in Brassica, the VIGS system described here will contribute to the improvement of high-throughput technology and efficient functional research in B. rapa and other Brassicaceae crops.

Additional key words

particle bombardment photobleaching phylogenetic tree phytoene desaturase vector construction 



cabbage leaf curl virus


coat protein


reads per kilobase of exon model per million mapped reads


glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase


phytoene desaturase


post-transcriptional gene silencing


tomato golden mosaic virus


tobacco mosaic virus


tobacco rattle virus


turnip yellow mosaic virus


virus-induced gene silencing


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Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© The Institute of Experimental Botany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Yu
    • 1
  • X.-D. Yang
    • 2
  • Q. Wang
    • 3
  • L.-W. Gao
    • 1
  • Y. Yang
    • 1
  • D. Xiao
    • 1
  • T.-K. Liu
    • 1
  • Y. Li
    • 1
  • X.-L. Hou
    • 1
  • C.-W. Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of HorticultureNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjing, JiangsuP.R. China
  2. 2.The Protected Horticulture InstituteShanghai Academy of Agricultural SciencesShanghaiP.R. China
  3. 3.Faculty of HorticultureJingling Institute of TechnolgoyNanjing, JiangsuP.R. China

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