Skip to main content

Stomatal and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics in European beech cultivars during leaf development

Abstract

Changes in stomatal and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics were analyzed in the course of leaf expansion in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) cultivars Aurea Pendula, Cristata, Rohanii, Rotundifolia and Viridivariegata. Stomatal length increased gradually from the second to the fifth phenological stage. Rotundifolia reached the highest mean stomatal length whereas Aurea Pendula and Cristata had the lowest values. Stomatal density for all cultivars decreased from the second to the fifth stage. Aurea Pendula reached the highest stomatal density in all phenological stages. The highest values of variable to maximum fluorescence ratio (Fv/Fm) were recorded in Rotundifolia, Rohanii, and the wild type, whereas Viridivariegata showed the lowest Fv/Fm. Similar trend was found in maximum to initial fluorescence ratio (Fm/F0), but extremely low Fm/F0 values were recorded in Viridivariegata in the last phenological stage. The highest potential electron capacity was found in Rohanii, Viridivariegata and the wild type and lowest in Cristata. This parameter increased in the course of early leaf development.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Abbreviations

Fm :

maximal fluorescence

F0 :

initial fluorescence

Fv :

variable fluorescence

PS 1:

photosystem 1

PS 2:

photosystem 2

References

  • Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, H.R., Long, S.P., Baker, N.R., Öquist, G., Schreibers, U., Lechner, E.G.: Chlorophyll fluorescence as a probe of the photosynthetic competence of leaves in the field: a review of current instrumentation.-Funct. Ecol. 3: 497–514, 1989.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cai, Z.Q., Slot, M., Fan, Z.X.: Leaf development and photosynthetic properties of three tropical tree species with delayed greening.-Photosynthetica 43: 91–98, 2005.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Demming, B., Björkman, O.: Comparison of the effect of excessive light on chlorophyll fluorescence (77 K) and photon yield of O2 evolution in leaves of higher plants.-Planta 171: 171–184, 1987.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Denk, T.: Phylogeny of Fagus L. (Fagaceae) based on morphological data.-Plant. Syst. Evol. 240: 55–81, 2003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dunlap, J.M., Stettler, R.F.: Variation in leaf epidermal and stomatal traits of Populus trichocarpa from two transects across the Washington Cascades.-Can. J. Bot. 79: 528–536, 2001.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fei, S.L., Fang, J.Y., Fan, Y.J., Zhao, K., Liu, X.J., Cui, K.M.: [Anatomical characteristics of leaves and woods of Fagus lucida and their relationships to ecological factors in Mountain Fanjingshan, Guizhou, China.]-Acta bot. sin. 41: 1002–1009, 1999. [In Chinese.]

    Google Scholar 

  • Fracheboud, Y., Leipner, J.: The application of chlorophyll fluorescence to study light, temperature, and drought stress.-In: DeEll, J.R., Toivonen, P.M.A. (ed.): Practical Applications of Chlorophyll Fluorescence in Plant Biology. Pp. 125–150. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2003.

    Google Scholar 

  • García-Plazaola, J.I., Becerril, J.M.: Effects of drought on photoprotective mechanisms in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings from different provenances.-Trees 14: 485–490, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lichtenthaler, H.K.: Differences in morphology and chemical composition of leaves grown at different light intensities and qualities.-In: Baker, N.R., Davies, W.J., Ong, C.K. (ed.): Control of Leaf Growth. Pp. 201–221. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1985.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lichtenthaler, H.K., Lang, M., Sowinska, M., Heisel, F., Miehé, J.A.: Detection of vegetation stress via a new high resolution fluorescence imaging system.-J. Plant Physiol. 148: 599–612, 1996.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Masarovičová, E.: Leaf shape, stomata density and photosynthetic rate of the common oak leaves.-Biol. Plant. 33: 495–500, 1991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Masarovičová, E., Cicák, A., Štefančík, I.: Ecophysiological, biochemical, anatomical and productional characteristics of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) leaves from regions with different degree of immision impact.-Ekológia 15: 337–351, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nesterenko, T.V., Tikhomirov, A.A., Shikhov, V.N.: Ontogenetic approach to the assessment of plant resistance to prolonged stress using chlorophyll fluorescence induction method.-Photosynthetica 44: 321–332, 2006.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pearce, D.W., Millard, S., Bray, D.F., Rood, S.B.: Stomatal characteristics of riparian poplar species in a semi-arid environment.-Tree Physiol. 26: 211–218, 2005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pospíšilová, J., Čatský, J.: Development of water stress under increased atmospheric CO2 concentration.-Biol. Plant. 42: 1–24, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Priwitzer, T., Minïáš, J.: [Results of phenological observations of forest trees in 1993–1997.]-Ved. práce LVÚ Zvolen 42: 17–32, 1998. [In Slovak.]

    Google Scholar 

  • Roháček, K.: Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters: the definitions, photosynthetic meaning, and mutual relationships.-Photosynthetica 40: 13–29, 2002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schär, C., Vidale, P.L., Lűthi, D., Frei, C., Häberli, C., Liniger, M.A., Appenzeller, C.: The role of increasing temperature variability in European summer heat waves.-Nature 427: 332–336, 2004.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Šesták, Z.: Changes in electron transport chain composition and activities of photosystems and photophosphorylation during leaf ontogeny.-In: Šesták, Z. (ed.): Photosynthesis During Leaf Development. Pp. 128–144. Academia, Praha; Dr. W. Junk Publ., Dordrecht-Boston 1985.

    Google Scholar 

  • Šesták, Z., Šiffel, P.: Leaf-age related differences in chlorophyll fluorescence.-Photosynthetica 33: 347–369, 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stępień, P., Kłobus, G.: Water relations and photosynthesis in Cucumis sativus L. leaves under salt stress.-Biol. Plant. 50: 610–616, 2006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Syros, T., Kofidis, G., Economou, A.S., Bosabalidis, A.M.: Leaf structural dynamics associated with adaptation of two Ebenus cretica ecotypes.-Biol. Plant. 50: 245–250, 2006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tichá, I., Radochová, B., Kadleček, P.: Stomatal morphology during acclimatization of tobacco plantlets to ex vitro conditions.-Biol. Plant. 42: 469–474, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tognetti, R., Johnson, J.D., Michelozzi, M.: The response of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) seedlings from two Italian populations to drought and recovery.-Trees 9: 348–354, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to I. Čaňová.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Čaňová, I., Ďurkovič, J. & Hladká, D. Stomatal and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics in European beech cultivars during leaf development. Biol Plant 52, 577–581 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-008-0115-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-008-0115-3

Additional key words