Seed protein profiles of 40 cultivated and wild taxa of Chenopodium have been compared by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The relative similarity between various taxa, estimated by Jaccard’s similarity index and clustered in UPGMA dendrogram, is generally in accordance with taxonomic position, crossability relationships and other biochemical characters. Eight accessions of C. quinoa studied are clustered together and show genetic similarity with closely related C. bushianum and C. berlandieri subsp. nuttalliae. The taxa included under C. album complex are clustered in two groups which show that these taxa are a heterogenous assemblage and their taxonomic affinities need a reassessment. Other wild species studied are placed in the dendrogram more or less according to their taxonomic position.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis system
operational taxonomic unit
polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
unweighted pair-group method
Ahmad, F., Slinkard, A.E.: Genetic relationships in the genus Cicer L. as revealed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of seed storage proteins.-Theor. appl. Genet. 84: 688–692, 1992.
Bera, B., Mukherjee, K.K.: Phenotypic variability in Chenopodium album.-Nucleus 30: 50–53, 1987.
El Naggar, S.M.: Implications of seed proteins in Brassicaceae systematics.-Biol. Plant. 44: 547–553, 2001.
Gangopadhyay, G., Das, S., Mukherjee, K.K.: Speciation in Chenopodium in West Bengal, India.-Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 49: 503–510, 2002.
Ghafoor, A., Ahmad, Z., Qureshi, A.S., Bashir, M.: Genetic relationship in Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper and V. radiata (L.) R. Wilczek based on morphological traits and SDS-PAGE.-Euphytica 123: 367–378, 2002.
Giusti, L.: [El genero Chenopodium in Argentina I. Numero de cromosomas.]-Darwiniana 16: 98–105, 1970. [In Span.]
Heiser, C.B., Nelson, D.C.: On the origin of cultivated chenopods (Chenopodium).-Genetics 78: 503–505, 1974.
Jha, S.S., Ohri, D.: Phylogenetic relationships of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (pigeon pea) and its wild relatives based on seed protein profiles.-Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 43: 275–281, 1996.
Laemmli, U.K.: Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4-Nature 227: 680–685, 1970.
Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L., Randal, R.J.: Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent.-J. biol. Chem. 193: 265–275, 1951.
Mehra, P.N., Malik, C.P.: Cytology of some Indian Chenopodiaceae.-Caryologia 16: 67–84, 1963.
Mosyakin, S.L., Clemants, S.E.: New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Chenopodium L. (Chenopodiaceae).-Novon 6: 398–403, 1996.
Mukherjee, K.K.: A comparative study of two cytotpes of Chenopodium album in West Bengal, India.-Can. J. Bot. 64: 754–759, 1986.
Nath, P., Ohri, D., Jha, S.S., Pal, M.: Seed protein electrophoresis of wild and cultivated species of Celosia (Amaranthaceae).-Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 44: 241–245, 1997.
Pal, M., Shukla, S.: A hexaploid grain chenopod from Eastern Himalayas.-Newslett. Himalayan Bot. 8: 12–14, 1990.
Partap, T., Joshi, B.D., Galwey, N.W.: Chenopods: Chenopodium spp. Promoting the Conservation and Use of Underutilized and Neglected Crops.-Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome 1998.
Risi, J., Galwey, N.W.: The Chenopodium grains of the Andes: Inca crops for modern agriculture.-Adv. appl. Biol. 10: 146–206, 1984.
Ruas, P.M, Bonifacio, A., Ruas, C.F., Fairbanks, D.J., Anderson, W.R.: Genetic relationships among 19 accessions of six species of Chenopodium L. by random amplified polymorphic DNA fragments (RAPD).-Euphytica 105: 25–32, 1999.
Scott, A.J.: A review of the classification of Chenopodium L. and related genera (Chenopodiaceae).-Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 100: 205–220, 1978.
Sneath, P.H.A., Sokal, R.R.: Numerical Taxonomy.-W.H. Freeman, San Francisco 1973.
Vladova, R., Pandeva, R., Petcolicheva, K.: Seed storage proteins in Capsicum annum cultivars.-Biol. Plant. 43: 291–295, 2000.
Walters, T.W.: Electrophoretic evidence for the evolutionary relationship of the tetraploid Chenopodium berlandieri to its putative diploid progenitors.-Selbyana 10: 36–55, 1987.
Wilson, H.D.: Genetic control and distribution of leucine aminopeptidase in the cultivated chenopods (Chenopodiaceae) and related weed taxa.-Biochem. Genet. 14: 913–919, 1976.
Wilson, H.D.: Artificial hybridization among species of Chenopodium sect. Chenopodium.-Syst. Bot. 5: 253–263, 1980.
Wilson, H.D.: Genetic variations among South American populations of tetraploid Chenopodium sect. Chenopodium subsect. Cellulata.-Syst. Bot. 6: 380–398, 1981.
Wilson, H.D.: Allozyme variation and morphological relationships of Chenopodium hircinum Schrader (s.lat.).-Syst. Bot. 13: 215–228, 1988a.
Wilson, H.D.: Quinua biosystematics I. Domesticated populations.-Econ. Bot. 42: 461–477, 1988b.
Wilson, H.D.: Quinua biosystematics II. Free living populations.-Econ. Bot. 42: 478–494, 1988c.
Wilson, H.D.: Quinoa and relatives (Chenopodium sect. Chenopodium subsect. Cellulata).-Econ. Bot. 44: 92–110, 1990.
Wilson, H.D., Heiser, C.B.: The origin and evolutionary relationships of ‘Huazontle’ (Chenopodium nuttalliae Safford) domesticated chenopod of Mexico.-Amer. J. Bot. 66: 198–206, 1979.
About this article
Cite this article
Bhargava, A., Rana, T.S., Shukla, S. et al. Seed protein electrophoresis of some cultivated and wild species of Chenopodium . Biol Plant 49, 505–511 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10535-005-0042-5
Additional key words
- genetic diversity
- Jaccard’s similarity index
- UPGMA dendrogram