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BioMetals

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 233–242 | Cite as

The cytotoxicity effects of a novel Cu complex on MCF-7 human breast cancerous cells

  • Fatemeh Mohammadizadeh
  • Soudeh Khanamani Falahati-pour
  • Azadeh Rezaei
  • Maryam Mohamadi
  • Mohammad Reza Hajizadeh
  • Mohammad Reza Mirzaei
  • Alireza Khoshdel
  • Mohammad Ali Fahmidehkar
  • Mehdi Mahmoodi
Article
  • 216 Downloads

Abstract

A variety of biological activities, such as anti-microbial and anti-tumor properties was reported for 1,10-phenanthroline and its copper complexes. In this study, the anti-proliferative activity of a novel  [Cu(L)(phen)] complex was investigated on MCF-7 breast cancer cells using MTT assay. Since chemotherapy is lake of ability to distinguish between normal cells from cancerous cells, therefore we also investigated the effect of  [Cu(L)(phen)] complex on normal L929 cells. The results showed that following 24 and 48 h exposure of cells with  [Cu(L)(phen)] complex, the IC50 values for MCF-7 were significantly lower than that recorded for L929 and normal cells were less sensitive than cancerous cells to the complex. Additionally, the  [Cu(L)(phen)] complex displayed a time- and concentration-dependent cytotoxic response, with MCF-7 and L929 cells. Also flow cytometry findings suggest that  [Cu(L)(phen)] complex is capable of decreasing cancer cell viability through apoptosis and did not efficiently activate the necrosis process.

Keywords

Apoptosis Breast cancer  [Cu(L)(phen)] complex Cytotoxicity MCF-7 cell line 

Abbreviations

DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide

FBS

Fetal bovine serum

FITC

Fluorescein isothiocyanate

IC50

Inhibiting cell growth by 50%

MTT

3-(4,5-Dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide

PBS

Phosphate buffered saline

PI

Propidium iodide

SPSS

Statistical package for the social sciences

Phen

1,10-phenanthroline

WHO

World Health Organization

Notes

Acknowledgements

This article is an excerpt from Fatemeh Mohammadizadeh’s master’s thesis in Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences (RUMS), Rafsanjan, Iran. The authors would like to thank the Molecular Medicine Research Center (MMRC) in RUMS from of Iran for providing the necessary equipment for this work. This study was approved by the RUMS Ethical Committee by the Number of IR.RUMS.REC.1395.140.

Funding

This study was supported by the RUMS by the Grant Number 20.1326.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no Conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human participants.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Mohammadizadeh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Soudeh Khanamani Falahati-pour
    • 2
  • Azadeh Rezaei
    • 1
    • 3
  • Maryam Mohamadi
    • 2
  • Mohammad Reza Hajizadeh
    • 1
    • 3
  • Mohammad Reza Mirzaei
    • 1
    • 3
  • Alireza Khoshdel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohammad Ali Fahmidehkar
    • 4
  • Mehdi Mahmoodi
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of MedicineRafsanjan University of Medical SciencesRafsanjanIran
  2. 2.Pistachio Safety Research CenterRafsanjan University of Medical SciencesRafsanjanIran
  3. 3.Molecular Medicine Research CenterRafsanjan University of Medical SciencesRafsanjanIran
  4. 4.Research Center of Advanced Technologies in MedicineTorbat Heydariyeh University of Medical SciencesTorbat HeydariyehIran
  5. 5.Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Afzalipoor Faculty of MedicineKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran

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