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Biogeochemistry

, Volume 118, Issue 1–3, pp 61–81 | Cite as

Storm event patterns of particulate organic carbon (POC) for large storms and differences with dissolved organic carbon (DOC)

  • Gurbir Singh Dhillon
  • Shreeram InamdarEmail author
Article

Abstract

This study compared the storm event patterns, sources, and flow paths for particulate (POC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC <0.45 μm) with a special focus on responses during large storm events. The study was conducted in a 12 ha forested catchment in the mid-Atlantic, Piedmont region of USA. A total of 14 storm events were sampled over a 16-month period (September 2010 to December 2011) including large, intense storms (precipitation >150 mm) associated with two hurricanes—Nicole (2010) and Irene (2011). Storm-event concentrations for suspended sediment (SS), POC and DOC varied between 10–7589, 0.05–252, and 0.7–18.3 mg L−1, respectively. Within-event POC concentrations continued to increase for the large hurricane storms whereas DOC displayed a dilution at peak streamflow discharge. Flow-weighted mean POC concentrations decreased for closely spaced, successive storm events whereas no such decrease was observed for DOC. These results suggest that there are important differences in the supply and transport (leaching rates and kinetics) for POC and DOC which occur at different temporal scales. The % POC content of SS was highest for the summer events. Summer events also registered a sharper increase in DOC with stream discharge and then a decline for peak flow, suggesting critical seasonal controls on storm-event POC and DOC responses. End-member mixing analysis revealed POC is transported with surface runoff while DOC is transported by saturation overland flow and rising groundwater into the soil horizons. A mixing model for sediment sources failed to identify key end-members but event mixing patterns revealed near-stream sources for small events and more distal, upland sediment sources for large and intense storms. This study highlights the need to better understand POC and DOC responses in headwater catchments especially for the large, intense, storm events that are predicted to increase in intensity with climate change.

Keywords

Climate change Organic carbon Watersheds Storm events Runoff Water quality 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the support of Delaware Water Resources Center (DWRC) for providing a research assistantship to Gurbir Singh Dhillon for his master’s thesis research. Instrumentation and sampling in the study catchments was funded through an existing grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF, Hydrologic Sciences Program, EAR‐0809205). We also thank Dr. Myron Mitchell’s Biogeochemistry Laboratory at Syracuse for the analyses on water samples and Karen Gartley and the UD Soils Laboratory for the POC analyses. We would like to thank Captain Wayne Suydam and the Fair Hill NRMA staff for providing access to the study site.  We also thanks Drs. Tom Sims and Yan Jin for their suggestions and insights during Gurbir’s MS thesis research. We would also like to recognize the support of graduate student colleagues including Shatrughan Singh, Sudarshan Dutta, Rachael Vaicunas and Zhixuan Qin for sample collection and analyses.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant and Soil Sciences DepartmentUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Soil Sciences DepartmentUniversity of SaskatoonSaskatoonCanada

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