Skip to main content


Log in

Cumulative threats to juvenile green turtles in the coastal waters of southern and southeastern Brazil

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Biodiversity and Conservation Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Management of marine turtles at broad spatial scales is challenging due to the costs and the logistical feasibility of collecting ecological data and information on multiple threats at this scale. Spatially explicit assessments of the exposure of marine turtles to cumulative threats provides an alternative approach by identifying regions that are impacted by multiple threats at broad scales. To inform future management of juvenile green turtles, Chelonia mydas, off the southern and southeastern Brazilian coast we determined their cumulative exposure to five pertinent anthropogenic activities (marine traffic, port areas, and artisanal, trawl and gillnet fisheries). Information on the spatial distribution of juvenile green turtles was obtained by satellite tagging 14 wild-caught turtles in the Paranaguá Estuarine Complex, off the Paraná coast in southern Brazil and human activity information was obtained from various databases. This allowed us to identify the anthropogenic activities that provide the greatest risk to marine turtles (artisanal fisheries and marine traffic) and five “hotspot” threat areas that require prompt local management intervention to protect marine turtles in the region. These results can be used to inform on the ground efforts where further impact assessments and management interventions can be prioritized and undertaken.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

Data availability

The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are not publicly available due to containing sensible information on the location of endangered species but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


Download references


We wish to thank Van Oord ( and the Rebimar/MarBrasil Association ( for funding this research. We also want to thank the Ecology and Conservation Laboratory of the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Brazil, for their support during the field operations of this research. Thanks also go to Daphne Wrobel Goldberg, Robert G. M. Spencer, Jerry Moxly, Tawane Nunes, Gabriela M. Vélez Rubio, Daniel Gonzalez, Ignacio Matias-Bruno, Beatriz Neves, Reny Tyson, Wendy Dow Piniak, Robin Hilbert Loose, and all volunteers for their help in the field. All scientific activities were conducted under the Brazilian Scientific Permit from the Ministry of the Environment (SISBIO—43443) and the Florida State University Animal Care and Use permit FSU/ACUC #1609.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mariana M. P. B. Fuentes.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Communicated by Angus Jackson.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This article belongs to the Topical Collection: Coastal and marine biodiversity.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Electronic supplementary material 1 (DOCX 3282 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fuentes, M.M.P.B., Wildermann, N., Gandra, T.B.R. et al. Cumulative threats to juvenile green turtles in the coastal waters of southern and southeastern Brazil. Biodivers Conserv 29, 1783–1803 (2020).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: