Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 3045–3050 | Cite as

Recreational hunting and the use of non-selective traps for population control of feral pigs in Brazil

  • William Douglas CarvalhoEmail author
  • Karen Mustin
  • Jéssica Silva Paulino
  • Cristina Harumi Adania
  • Luís Miguel Rosalino
Letter to the Editor

Recreational hunting of feral pigs in Brazil

Managing wildlife populations is a complex task due to the multiple ecological links established both between ecosystem components and with human activities such as agriculture. Management of non-native species, or native species when populations reach excessive numbers, often includes lethal control methods (Verdade et al. 2014), and recreational hunting is sometimes suggested as a method for population control of exotic species (e.g., Nugent 1988; Zivin et al. 2000; Quirós-Fernández et al. 2017; Rosa et al. 2018). Specifically in Brazil, while hunting of wild animals is prohibited by law (Law no. 5.197/1967—, since 2013 hunting of feral pigs is permitted as a method of population control (NI 03/2013, This was prompted in large part because the species has caused huge damages to rural producers, and affected biodiversity in the Atlantic Forest,...



  1. Becker M, McRobb R, Watson F, Droge E, Kanyembo B, Murdoch J, Kakumbi C (2013) Evaluating wire-snare poaching trends and the impacts of by-catch on elephants and large carnivores. Biol Conserv 158:26–36. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dubois S, Fenwick N, Ryan EA, Baker L, Baker SE, Beausoleil NJ, Carter S, Cartwright B, Costa F, Draper C, Griffin J, Grogan A, Howald G, Jones B, Littin KE, Lombard AT, Mellor DJ, Ramp D, Schuppli CA, Fraser D (2017) International consensus principles for ethical wildlife control. Conserv Biol 31:753–760. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Hegel CGZ, Marini MA (2013) Impacto do javali europeu, Sus scrofa, em um fragmento da Mata Atlântica brasileira. Neotrop Biol Conserv 8:17–24. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hegel CGZ, Marini MA (2018) Large felids as predators of wild boars in the Atlantic Forest: reconciling Verdade et al. and Rosa et al. Anim Conserv 21:363–364. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade [ICMBio] (2014) Espécies ameaçadas. Accessed 25 July 2018
  6. International Union for Conservation of Nature [IUCN] (2018) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1. Accessed 10 July 2018
  7. Iossa G, Soulsbury CD, Harris S (2007) Mammal trapping: a review of animal welfare standards of killing and restraining traps. Anim Welf 16:335–352Google Scholar
  8. Nugent G (1988) Successful control of fallow deer by recreational hunters in the Blue Mountains, Otago. NZ J For Sci 18:239–252Google Scholar
  9. Oliveira CHS (2012) Ecologia e manejo de javali (Sus scrofa L.) na América do Sul. Dissertation. Universidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  10. Pedrosa F, Salerno R, Vinicius F, Padilha B, Galetti M (2015) Current distribution of invasive wild pigs in Brazil: economic impacts and ecological uncertainty. Nat Conserv 13:84–87. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Quirós-Fernández F, Marcos J, Acevedo P, Gortázar C (2017) Hunters serving the ecosystem: the contribution of recreational hunting to wild boar population control. Eur J Wildl Res 63:57. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rosa CA (2016) Mamíferos Exóticos Invasores no Brasil: situação atual, riscos potenciais e impactos da invasão de porcos selvagens em Florestas Tropicais. Dissertation. Universidade Federal de LavrasGoogle Scholar
  13. Rosa C (2018) Wild pigs in an irreplaceable area for biodiversity conservation: current situation and importance of the local community in the population control. Mod Manage Forum 2:1–9. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rosa CA, Wallau MO, Pedrosa F (2018) Hunting as the main technique used to control wild pigs in Brazil. Wildl Soc Bull 42:111–118. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Verdade LM, Lyra-Jorge MC, Piña CI (2014) Applied ecology and human dimensions in biological conservation. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Virgós E, Lozano J, Cabezas-Díaz S, Macdonald DW, Zalewski A, Atienza JC, Proulx G, Ripple WJ, Rosalino LM, Santos-Reis M, Johnson PJ, Malo AF, Baker SE (2016) A poor international standard for trap selectivity threatens carnivore conservation. Biodivers Conserv 25:1409–1419. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zivin J, Hueth BM, Zilberman D (2000) Managing a multiple-use resource: the case of feral pig management in California Rangeland. J Environ Econ Manage 39:189–204. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Brasileiro para Conservação dos Felinos Neotropicais, Associação Mata CiliarJundiaíBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade TropicalUniversidade Federal do AmapáMacapáBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Gradução em Biologia Animal, Departamento de Ecologia, Zoologia e Genética, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Federal de PelotasPelotasBrazil
  4. 4.CESAM & Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal

Personalised recommendations