Brazilian wetlands on the brink

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Brancalion PHS, Garcia LC, Loyola R, Rodrigues RR, Pillar VD, Lewinsohn TM (2016) A critical analysis of the Native Vegetation Protection Law of Brazil (2012): updates and ongoing initiatives. Nat Conserv 14:1–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Grasel D, Mormul RP, Bozelli RL, Thomaz SM, Jarenkow JA (2018) Brazil’s Native Vegetation Protection Law threatens to collapse pond functions. Perspect Ecol Conserv.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Gumbricht T, Roman-Cuesta RM, Verchot L, Herold M, Wittmann F, Householder E, Herold N, Murdiyarso D (2017) An expert system model for mapping tropical wetlands and peatlands reveals South America as the largest contributor. Glob Change Biol 23:3581–3599.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. MA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water synthesis. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. Accessed 08 October 2018

  5. Metzger JP, Lewinsohn TM, Joly CA, Verdade LM, Martinelli LA, Rodrigues RR (2010) Brazilian law: full speed in reverse? Science 329:276–277.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Moomaw WR, Chmura GL, Davies GT, Finlayson CM, Middleton BA, Natali SM, Perry JE, Roulet N, Sutton-Grier AE (2018) Wetlands in a changing climate: science, policy and management. Wetlands 38:183–205.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Padial AA, Agostinho AA, Azevedo-Santos VM et al (2017) The “Tilapia Law” encouraging non-native fish threatens Amazonian river basins. Biodivers Conserv 26:243–246.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Pelicice FM, Azevedo-Santos VM, Vitule JRS, Orsi ML, Lima Junior DP, Magalhães ALB, Pompeu PS, Petrere M Jr, Agostinho AA (2017) Neotropical freshwater fishes imperiled by unsustainable policies. Fish Fish 18:1119–1133.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Rovai AS, Menghini RP, Schaeffer-Novelli Y, Molero GC, Coelho C Jr (2012) Protecting Brazil’s coastal wetlands. Science 335:1571–1572.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. SBPC, ABC (Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciência, Academia Brasileira de Ciências) (2012) The Brazilian forest code and science: contributions to the dialogue. SBPC, ABC, São Paulo. Accessed 08 October 2018

  11. Soares-Filho B, Rajão R, Macedo M, Carneiro A, Costa W, Coe M, Rodrigues H, Alencar A (2014) Cracking Brazil’s forest code. Science 344:363–364.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Souza PT Jr, Piedade MTF, Candotti E (2011) Brazil’s forest code puts wetlands at risk. Nature 478:458.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Strassburg BBN, Latawiec AE, Barioni LG, Nobre CA, Silva VP, Valentim JF, Vianna M, Assad ED (2014) When enough should be enough: improving the use of current agricultural lands could meet production demands and spare natural habitats in Brazil. Glob Environ Chang 28:8497.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Volcan MV, Lanés LEK (2018) Brazilian killifishes risk extinction. Science 361:340–341.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references


DG was supported by Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); PMF, JRSV, RLB, RPM, RRR and AAA received grants from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); PMF, RLB and RRR were also supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas (FAPEAM) and Rede Clima, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ), and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), respectively.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Daniel Grasel.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Communicated by Angus Jackson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Grasel, D., Fearnside, P.M., Vitule, J.R.S. et al. Brazilian wetlands on the brink. Biodivers Conserv 28, 255–257 (2019).

Download citation