Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 865–881 | Cite as

Colonization and shift of mollusc assemblages as a restoration indicator in planted mangroves in the Philippines

  • Severino G. SalmoIIIEmail author
  • Ian Tibbetts
  • Norman C. Duke
Original Paper


We compared the mollusc assemblages of planted mono-specific Rhizophora mangroves of known different ages. As forest age increased, there was a shift in species composition, abundance and biomass of mollusc assemblages for all faunal types (infauna, epifauna and arboreal fauna). This shift was correlated with the changes in vegetation (increasing forest cover and above-ground biomass) and sediment characteristics (increasing organic matter and decreasing sand content). Some species dominate in young plantations (<10 years old; Pirenella cingulata) and in intermediate plantations (10–15 years old; Nerita polita), while other species only occur in mature plantations and natural mangrove stands (>15 years; Terebralia sulcata, Nerita planospira). The two former groups of species are mostly species of infaunal and epifaunal habitats, while the latter group is mainly composed of arboreal species. The shift in mollusc species composition and dominance may serve as a useful indicator of restoration patterns in planted mangroves.


Mangrove Mangrove plantation Mollusc Philippines Restoration indicator Sediment Vegetation 



Financial assistance throughout the study period was kindly provided to SS by the Ford Foundation International Fellowship Program (FORD-IFP), the International Foundation for Science (IFS; D/4667-1) and a University of Queensland Research Scholarship Grant. The administrators and staff of the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute (UPMSI), particularly at the Bolinao Marine Laboratory, assisted and provided SS laboratory space in Bolinao. We thank the local government units and mangrove managers at all sites for allowing us access to mangrove areas and assisting us in the field sampling.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceAteneo de Manila UniversityQuezon CityPhilippines
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  3. 3.TropWATER CentreJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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