Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 383–399

Generating spatial data for marine conservation and management

  • Lindsay Aylesworth
  • Ratanawaree Phoonsawat
  • Pholphisin Suvanachai
  • Amanda C. J. Vincent
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Coastal and marine biodiversity


Do fishers know best when it comes to identifying areas with rare and depleted fish species? The global conservation crisis demands that managers marshal all available datasets to inform conservation management plans for depleted species, yet the level of trust placed in local knowledge remains uncertain. This study compares four methods for inferring species distributions of an internationally traded, rare and depleted genus of marine fishes (Hippocampus spp.): the use of (i) fisher interviews; (ii) government research trawls, (iii) scientific diving surveys, and (iv) citizen science contributions. We analyzed these four datasets at the genus and individual species levels to evaluate our conclusions about seahorse spatial occurrence, diversity of species present and the cost effectiveness of sampling effort. We found that fisher knowledge provided more information on our data-poor fish genus at larger spatial scales, with less effort, and for a cheaper price than all other datasets. One drawback was that fishers were unable to provide data down to the species level. People embarking on conservation endeavors for data-poor species may wish to begin with fisher interviews and use these to inform the application of government research, scientific diving, or citizen science programs.


Citizen science Data-poor Hippocampus Local knowledge Scientific surveys Thailand 

Supplementary material

10531_2016_1248_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (57 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 56 kb)
10531_2016_1248_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (734 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 733 kb)
10531_2016_1248_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (1 mb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 1044 kb)
10531_2016_1248_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (40 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 39 kb)
10531_2016_1248_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 5 (PDF 1620 kb)
10531_2016_1248_MOESM6_ESM.pdf (83 kb)
Supplementary material 6 (PDF 82 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lindsay Aylesworth
    • 1
  • Ratanawaree Phoonsawat
    • 2
  • Pholphisin Suvanachai
    • 2
  • Amanda C. J. Vincent
    • 1
  1. 1.Project Seahorse, Institute for the Oceans & FisheriesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of FisheriesMinistry of Agriculture and CooperativeBangkokThailand

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