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Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 25, Issue 13, pp 2709–2722 | Cite as

Conserving long unburnt vegetation is important for bird species, guilds and diversity

  • Robert A. Davis
  • Tim S. Doherty
  • Eddie J.B. van Etten
  • James Q. Radford
  • Floyd Holmes
  • Chris Knuckey
  • Belinda J. Davis
Original Paper

Abstract

Landscape-level wildfires have a major role in structuring faunal assemblages, particularly in fire-prone landscapes. These effects are mediated by changes to vegetation structure and composition that directly influence the availability of shelter, feeding and breeding resources. We investigated the response of a semi-arid shrubland bird community in Western Australia to the prevailing fire regime by examining the abundance, diversity and guild structure in relation to time since fire. We also examined vegetation structural attributes in relation to time since fire. We surveyed 32 sites ranging in age from 12 to 84 years since last fire. A total of 845 birds from 40 species were recorded. Vegetation structure varied with fire history with old and very old sites characterised by less bare ground, more leaf litter cover and greater canopy cover. Bird community composition varied with time since fire, driven by increased bird species richness and abundance of insectivores, granivores/frugivores, golden whistlers, grey shrike-thrush and red-capped robins with time since fire. Frequent, intense landscape-scale fires transform the landscape into homogeneous young shrublands, which may render vegetation unsuitable for several species and guilds.

Keywords

Chronosequence Disturbance ecology Fire Mediterranean Prescribed burning 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the Gunduwa Regional Conservation Association. Bush Heritage Australia (BHA), the Australian Wildlife Conservancy and Wanarra station provided access to their land. Luke Bayley from BHA provided on-site support. BHA provided GIS layers, fire histories and assisted with experimental design. TSD was supported by scholarships from Earthwatch Institute Australia, BHA and Edith Cowan University while conducting this research. Bird survey methods were approved by the Edith Cowan University Animal Ethics Committee (11226).

Supplementary material

10531_2016_1196_MOESM1_ESM.docx (41 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 41 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Davis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tim S. Doherty
    • 1
    • 7
  • Eddie J.B. van Etten
    • 1
  • James Q. Radford
    • 3
  • Floyd Holmes
    • 1
  • Chris Knuckey
    • 1
    • 4
  • Belinda J. Davis
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.School of ScienceEdith Cowan UniversityJoondalupAustralia
  2. 2.School of Animal BiologyUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  3. 3.Bush Heritage AustraliaMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.MWH AustraliaJolimontAustralia
  5. 5.School of Plant BiologyUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  6. 6.Kings Park and Botanic GardenThe Botanic Gardens and Parks AuthorityWest PerthAustralia
  7. 7.Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental SciencesDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia

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