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Table 1 Information required and how this was obtained at expert interview

From: Integrating quantitative and qualitative data in assessing the cost-effectiveness of biodiversity conservation programmes

Species/habitat-specific information required Details How obtained during interview
Relevant funding options and schemes The funded Biodiversity options thought to be relevant to each species/habitat were sourced using Scottish Government and Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) website information prior to interview. These species and habitat-specific funding options needed to be checked for gaps using expert opinion during the interview The list of relevant funding options was sent to the participant in advance of the interview. During the interview, each participant was asked to check the list and mention any funding options which had been missed or wrongly associated with the species/habitat in question
Apportionment of expenditure data The funded Biodiversity options thought to be relevant to each species/habitat will not necessarily fund activities on this particular species/habitat alone, perhaps funding conservation actions for a number of species/habitats. The total expenditure for each of the funding options were obtained from Scottish Government, therefore information was needed on how much has been spent directly on the species/habitat in question Participants were asked at interview, based on their experience and knowledge, to estimate the proportion of the actual expenditure for each scheme that is spent on the species/habitat in question through action funded by that scheme
Effectiveness of schemes We identified a number of objectives that were outlined in the Species Action Framework for each species/habitat. We were interested in the extent to which the participants considered that these objectives had been met so far as a result of spending on the species/habitat in order to assess effectiveness We asked participants to state the extent (%) that each one of the species/habitat specific objectives had been met (so far) as a result of spending on the species. Participants were also asked to give a score (%) to indicate how important they considered that objective to be in determining the overall effectiveness of the spending on actions for this species/habitat
Change in conservation status of species We were interested in how the conservation status of this species/habitat has changed over time in Scotland, using the IUCN conservation status index as a guide for species. For habitats we are interested in how the proportion (%) of habitat in good condition has changed over time Participants were sent the IUCN conservation status index prior to the interview. At interview, we asked participants whether the conservation status of the species/habitat in Scotland has changed over time