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The status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam

Abstract

Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam form a diverse and important region for the order Galliformes with at least 21 species, comprising 10 pheasants, seven partridges, three quails and one francolin. Several are endemic to the region and several are considered globally threatened. Information was collated for each species on the Indochinese range, habitat use and conservation status. This information was used to determine gross patterns in conservation requirements, prioritised partly through the global importance of the Indochinese population. The galliform species at most immediate risk in Indochina is probably Green Peafowl, through heavy hunting exacerbated by increasing human access to former wildernesses. The endemic Edwards’s Pheasant also merits specific conservation attention. Other forest species occur widely throughout surviving habitat, which remains landscape-scale despite serious losses in recent decades. Non-forest species, notably three quails (none endemic) remain very poorly known and threat levels cannot be assessed. For galliform conservation in Indochina by far the most important action is turning the existing declared protected areas networks into functional reality conserving a multitude of landscapes, each of hundreds of square kilometres, across the region. Past assessments of threat level to Indochinese forest Galliformes have been alarmist: many species are persisting in heavily-hunted fragments of the 10–50 sq. km size class, where many other forest vertebrates have been extirpated.

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Acknowledgements

We gladly acknowledge the assistance of Chanthaviphone Inthavong, Venevongphet, Peter Davidson, Tom Evans, Michael Poulsen, Bill Robichaud, Richard Salter, Richard Thewlis, Rob Tizard, James Wolstencroft, Khamkhoune Khounboline, Chainoi Sisomphone, Boonhom Sounthala, Chanthavi Vongkhamheng, Tom Clements, Jack Hurd, Seng Teak, Tan Setha, Seng Kim Hout, Ou Ratanak, Men Soriyun, Hong Chamnan, Fred Goes, Pech Bunnat, Prum Sovanna, David Ashwell, Hunter Weiler, Andy Maxwell and Huy Keavuth Mike Baltzer, Jonathan Eames, Do Tuoc, Ha Quy Quynh, Le Manh Hung, Le Trong Trai, Barney Long, Mai Ky Vinh, Nguyen Cu, Nguyen Duc Tu, Nguyen Xuan Dang, Trinh Viet Cuong, Joe Walston and Tim Inskipp. We also thank two reviewers for their comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.

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Brickle, N.W., Duckworth, J.W., Tordoff, A.W. et al. The status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Biodivers Conserv 17, 1393–1427 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-008-9346-z

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