Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 16, Issue 10, pp 2771–2787 | Cite as

Diversity of palm uses in the western Amazon

  • Narel Y. Paniagua Zambrana
  • Anja Byg
  • Jens-Christian Svenning
  • Monica Moraes
  • Cesar Grandez
  • Henrik BalslevEmail author
Original Paper


We used palm knowledge to understand the interaction between people and the rainforests and the factors that influence this dynamic process. We interviewed 278 informants in 12 villages in the Pastaza and Madidi areas of the western Amazon basin. Together they used 38 different palm species for 38 different uses in six use-categories (food, construction, utensils, ritual, medicine, commercial). Euterpe precatoria, Iriartea deltoidea, and Oenocarpus bataua were best known and were mentioned as useful by 76–72% of the informants in the 12 villages. There was a great variation in number of uses and in how widespread the uses were and five of the 38 useful palms were mentioned by only one informant. Among the socioeconomic factors analyzed, the residence village influenced the informants’ knowledge of palms and their uses more than any other factor. Length of education, prosperity and for how long the informant had lived in the village were also positively correlated to how many palms and palm uses were known. Gender differences in informants’ knowledge of palm uses were not observed in our data. We suggest, that the high importance of forest products to the livelihood of the villagers, the great variation in the knowledge they possess, and the fact that the differences between villages is so great, are important elements to consider when developing management plans for the sustainable use of the rainforest resources in the western Amazon.


Local knowledge Palms Western Amazon Ethno-botany Socioeconomic factors 



Many people helped us in this study, and we thank all of them for their support. We are especially grateful to Conservation International in Rurrenabaque, the office of Madidi National Park in San Buenaventura, and FESPAI and CIPTA in Tumupasa and Ixiamas who gave much practical help with logistics and field work in Madidi, to Tina Knudsen and Ulrik Lyng who helped with the interviews in the Pastaza area, to Eladio Chao in Madidi and Antonio Ojaikate in Pastaza, who were our guides and contacts to the people we interviewed. To the inhabitants of the visited villages, who gave us their time and hospitality and patiently answered our questions, we are forever indebted. The Council for Development Research, Danida Project #104, Dan 8-764 financed the work in Perú, and Danida Project #104, Dan 8L-206 financed the work in Bolivia.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narel Y. Paniagua Zambrana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anja Byg
    • 1
  • Jens-Christian Svenning
    • 1
  • Monica Moraes
    • 2
  • Cesar Grandez
    • 3
  • Henrik Balslev
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of AarhusAarhus CDenmark
  2. 2.Instituto de EcologíaUniversidad Mayor de San AndrésLa PazBolivia
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencias BiológicasUniversidad Nacional de la Amazonía PeruanaIquitosPeru

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