Advertisement

Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 913–930 | Cite as

Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) on Guafo Island: the largest seabird colony in the world?

  • Ronnie Reyes-ArriagadaEmail author
  • Paulo Campos-Ellwanger
  • Roberto P. Schlatter
  • Cheryl Baduini
Original Paper

Abstract

Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) is the most common Procellariiform seabird along the south-eastern South American coast. In recent years the wintering population off California has declined noticeably. This decline has been confirmed on the breeding grounds in New Zealand. In Chile, knowledge of the population is limited. Investigations on Isla Guafo were carried out during two seasons (03/04 and 04/05), beginning an ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the breeding population of this species in southern South America. On Isla Guafo we estimate a population of about 4 million birds that nest above 150 m above sea level (m.a.s.l.) under a forest without understory. Sooty Shearwaters on Isla Guafo prefer north and western slopes that we hypothesise protect them from the predominantly southerly winds. Population of the species from New Zealand and Australia are compared with the Isla Guafo population and the state of its conservation is discussed.

Keywords

Puffinus griseus Guafo Island South America Conservation Habitat 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the Dirección de Extensión, Universidad Austral de Chile (Valdivia, Chile) and The Claremont College (Claremont CA, USA) for partially funding this study and to the Armada de Chile for the logistic support. Thanks are given to Javier Arata, Daniela Guicking, Jeffrey Mangel, Henrik Moller, Kieran Lawton, Philip Lyver, Leandro Tamini, Alejandro Simeone, Paul Scofield and Jorge Valenzuela for providing information. We would also like to thank Paul Scofield for their values comments and reviews on this manuscript. To Cesar Barrales for his help in the field. Ronnie Reyes-Arriagada Ph.D. student of the Ph.D. in Science Programme, on Systematic and Ecology, UACH, is being supported by MECESUP Higher Education Programme (UCO 0214).

References

  1. Araya B, Millie G (1986) Guía de Campo de las Aves de Chile; Séptima Edición. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago de ChileGoogle Scholar
  2. Bibby CJ, Burgess ND, David AH, Mustoe SH (2000) Bird census techniques, 2nd edn. Academic Press, London, 385 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Brandt CA, Parrish JK, Hodges CN (1995) Predictive approaches to habitat quantification: dark-rumped Petrels on Haleakala, Maui. Auk 112:571–579Google Scholar
  4. Briggs KT, Chu EW (1986) Sooty shearwaters off California: distribution, abundance and habitat use. Condor 88:355–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown RGB, Cooke F, Kinnear PK, Mills EL (1975) Summer seabird distributions in Drake Passage, the Chilean fjords and off southern America. Ibis 117:339–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Catry P, Campos A, Segurado P, Silva M, Strange I (2003) Population census and nesting habitat selection of thin-billed prion Pachyptila belcheri on New Island, Falkland Islands. Polar Biol 26:202–207Google Scholar
  7. Clark R (1986) Aves de Tierra del Fuego y Cabo de Hornos, guía de campo. L.O.L.A. Buenos Aires, Argentina, 294 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Clark GS, Von Meyer AP, Nelson JW, Watt JN (1984a) Notes on the Sooty shearwater and other avifauna of the Chilean offshore island of Guafo. Notornis 31:225–231Google Scholar
  9. Clark GS, Goodwin AJ, Von Meyer AP (1984b) Extension of known range of some seabirds on the costal of southern Chile. Notornis 31:320–324Google Scholar
  10. Cooper J, Underhill LG, Avery G (1991) Primary moult and transequatorial migration of the sooty shearwater. Condor 93:724–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cruz JB, Lalas C, Jillett JB, Kitson JC, Lyver POB, Imber M, Newman JE, Moller H (2001) Prey spectrum of breeding sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) in New Zealand. New Zeal J Mar Fresh 35:817–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Devillers P, Terschuren JA (1978) Midsummer seabird distribution in the Chilean fjords. Le Gerfaut 68:577–588Google Scholar
  13. Everett WT, Pitman RL (1993) Status and conservation of shearwater of the North Pacific. In: Vermeer K, Briggs KT, Morgan KH, Siegel-Causey D (eds) The status, ecology, and conservation of marine birds of the North Pacific. Can. Wildl. Serv. Spec. Publ., Ottawa, pp 93–100Google Scholar
  14. Falla RA, Sibson RB, Turbott EG (1979) The new guide to the birds of New Zealand. New Zealand Ornithological Society, Auckland, New Zealand, 247 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Hamilton SA, Moller H, Robertson CJR (1997) Distribution of Sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) breeding colonies along the Otago Coast, New Zealand, with indication of countrywide populations trend. Notornis 44:15–25Google Scholar
  16. Harrison P (1983) Seabirds – an identification guide. Croom Helm, London, SidneyGoogle Scholar
  17. Harrison P (1987) Seabirds of the world – a photographic guide. Christopher Helm Ltd., LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Hyrenbach KD, Veit RR (2003) Ocean warming and seabird communities of the southern California Current System (1987–98): response at multiple temporal scales. Deep-Sea Res Pt II 50:2537–2565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. IUCN (2006) IUCN Red List of threatened species Categories. www.redlist.net Google Scholar
  20. Jehl JR (1973) The distribution of marine birds in Chilean waters in winter. Auk 90:114–135Google Scholar
  21. Jones C (2000) Sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) breeding colonies on mainland South Island, New Zealand: evidence of decline and predictors of persistence. New Zeal J Zool 27:327–334Google Scholar
  22. Lawton K, Robertson G, Kirkwood R, Valencia J, Schlatter R, Smith D (2006) An estimate of population sizes of burrowing seabirds at the Diego Ramírez archipelago, Chile, using distance sampling and burrow-scoping. Polar Biol 29(3):229–238 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lyver POB (2002) Use of traditional knowledge by Rakiura Maori to guide sooty shearwater harvests. Wildlife Soc B 30:29–40Google Scholar
  24. Lyver POB, Moller H, Thompson C (1999) Changes in the sooty shearwater Puffinus griseus chick production and harvest rate precede ENSO events. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 188:237–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Marchant S, Higgin PJ (eds) (1990) Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, vol 1. Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1400 ppGoogle Scholar
  26. Marín M (1984) Breeding record for the Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus) from Chiloé Island, Chile. Auk 101:192Google Scholar
  27. Moreno CA, Hucke-Gaete R, Arata J (2003) Interacción de la pesquería del bacalao de profundidad con mamíferos y aves marinas. Informe final proyecto FIP No. 2001-31. República de Chile, Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y Reconstrucción, Subsecretaría de Pesca, Fondo de Investigación Pesquera,199 ppGoogle Scholar
  28. Murphy RC (1936) Oceanic birds of South America, vol II. The American Museum of Natural History, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Narosky T, Yzurieta D (2003) Aves de Argentina y Uruguay: guía para la identificación: decimoquinta edición. Vazquez Mazzini editores, Buenos Aires Argentina, 364 ppGoogle Scholar
  30. Oedekoven CS, Ainley DG, Spear LB (2001) Variable responses of seabirds to change in marine climate: California Current, 1985–1994. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 212:265–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Onley D, Bartle S (1999) Identificación de las aves marinas de los Océanos del Sur. Te Papa Press, Wellington New Zealand, 83 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. Peterson RT, Chalif EL (1989) Aves de México. Editorial Diana, México, 473 ppGoogle Scholar
  33. Reynolds PW (1935) Notes of the birds of Cape Horn. Ibis 5:65–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Richdale LE (1954) Duration of parental attentiveness in the sooty shearwater. Ibis 96:586–600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Richdale LE (1963) Biology of Sooty shearwater Puffinus griseus. P Zool Soc Lond 141:1–117Google Scholar
  36. Robbins Ch, Bruun B, Zim H (1966) Birds of North America: a guide to field identification. Goldern Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. Robertson CJR, Bell BD (1984) Seabird status and conservation in the New Zealand region. In: Croxall JP, Evans PGH, Schreiber RW (eds) Status and conservation of the world’s seabirds. Inst Counc for Bird Press. Tech. Pub. No. 2, England, pp 573–586Google Scholar
  38. Sagar PM, Horning DS Jr (1998) Mass-related survival of fledging Sooty Shearwaters Puffinus griseus at the Snares, New Zealand. Ibis 140:329–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Schiavini A, Frere E, Yorio P, Parera A (1999) Las aves marinas de la Isla de los Estados, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina: revisión histórica, estado poblacional y problemas de conservación. Ans Inst Pat Punta Arenas (Chile) 27:25–40Google Scholar
  40. Schlatter R (1984) The status and conservation of seabirds in Chile. In: Croxall JP, Evans PGH, Schreiber RW (eds) Status and conservation of the world’s seabirds. Inst Counc for Bird Press. Tech. Pub. No. 2, England, pp 261–269Google Scholar
  41. Schlatter R (2004) Fardelas en peligro. Cartas al director Diario El Sur de Concepción, Chile 28/01/04. elsur.clGoogle Scholar
  42. Scholander PF (1955) Evolution of climatic adaptation in homeotherms. Evolution 9:15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Schramm M (1986) Burrow densities and nest site preferences of petrels (Procellarian) at the Prince Edward Islands. Polar Biol 6:63–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Scofield P (2001) Status of sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus, in the Wollaston and Hermite groups of southern Chile and concerns for the conservation status of Tierra del Fuego Islands. Unpublished document, 15 ppGoogle Scholar
  45. Scofield P, Christie D (2002) Beach patrol records indicate a substantial decline in sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) numbers. Notornis 49:158–165Google Scholar
  46. Simeone A, Bernal M, Meza J (1999) Incidental mortality of Humboldt penguins Spheniscus humboldti in gill nets, central Chile. Mar Ornithol 27:157–161Google Scholar
  47. Spear LB, Ainley DG (1999) Migration routes of sooty shearwater in the Pacific Ocean. Condor 101:205–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Uhlman S (2003) Fisheries bycatch mortalities of sooty shearwaters (Puffinus griseus) and short-tailed shearwaters (P. tenuirostris). Doc. Science Internal Series 92. Department of Conservation, Wellington, 52 ppGoogle Scholar
  49. Valenzuela JA, Grau JH (2005) Ocurrence of American mink on the Chonos Archipelago of southern Chile. Oryx 39:15Google Scholar
  50. Veit RR, Pyle P, Mcgowan A (1996) Oceanic warming and long-term change in pelagic bird abundance within the California current system. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 139:11–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Venegas C, Sielfeld W (1979) Antecedentes para la determinación de un nuevo distrito zoo-geográfico en el litoral exterior de Magallanes. Ans Inst Pat Punta Arenas (Chile) 10:201–208Google Scholar
  52. Warham J (1990) The Petrels, their ecology and breeding systems. Academic Press Limited, United States, 440 ppGoogle Scholar
  53. Warham J (1996) The behavior, population biology and physiology of the petrels. Academic Press, New York, 611 ppGoogle Scholar
  54. Warham J, Wilson GJ (1982) The size of the Sooty shearwater population at the Snares islands; New Zealand. Notornis 29:23–30Google Scholar
  55. Warham J, Wilson GJ, Keeley BR (1982) The annual cycle of Sooty shearwater Puffinus griseus at the Snares Islands, New Zealand. Notornis 29:269–292Google Scholar
  56. Watson GE, Angle JP, Harper PC, Bridge MA, Schlatter RP, Tickell WLN, Boyd JC, Boyd MM (1971) Birds of the Antarctic and Subantarctic. Antarctic Map Folio Series 14. American geographical Society, NYGoogle Scholar
  57. Zar JH (1999) Biostatistical analysis. Prentice Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronnie Reyes-Arriagada
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paulo Campos-Ellwanger
    • 1
  • Roberto P. Schlatter
    • 1
  • Cheryl Baduini
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de ZoologíaValdiviaChile
  2. 2.Joint Science DepartmentThe Claremont College, Keck Science CenterClaremontUSA

Personalised recommendations