Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 16, Issue 10, pp 2867–2881 | Cite as

The terrestrial arthropods of Mauritius: a neglected conservation target

  • Saoud M. MotalaEmail author
  • Frank-Thorsten Krell
  • Yacoob Mungroo
  • Sarah E. Donovan
Original paper


Entomology in Mauritius has historically been linked with the agricultural and medical fields but concern should now be directed towards the conservation of native forest insects given that they are key components of the local ecosystem. Despite its young age, small size and remoteness, the island has a well-developed native insect fauna with a high proportion of endemic species. A majority of the insect orders are represented on the island. We document the current state of knowledge for Mauritian arthropods, with particular focus on the Coleoptera. This is the most diverse order locally with 1,032 species. In addition, it is the best catalogued historically, providing a framework for future conservation studies to evaluate the current status of this group. We explore the current threats facing the native insect fauna and highlight the needs for concern on this vital component of local biodiversity. We recognize that the initial step for conserving the native insects will depend largely on the establishment of a local taxonomic knowledge base with international expert input.


Mauritius Insects Biodiversity Conservation Taxonomy Endemic Beetles 


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We acknowledge the UK-DEFRA Darwin Initiative (162/12/005) for funding the project and the following persons for their communication and help: Dr. John Mauremmotoo (CABI International, Kenya), Dr. Linton Winder (University of South Pacific, Fiji Islands), Dr. Carl Jones (Mauritian Wildlife Foundation), Dr. Dave Hall (Bristol University) and Dr. John Williams (MSIRI, Mauritius).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saoud M. Motala
    • 1
    Email author
  • Frank-Thorsten Krell
    • 3
  • Yacoob Mungroo
    • 1
  • Sarah E. Donovan
    • 2
  1. 1.Mauritian Wildlife FoundationVacoasMauritius
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesPlymouth UniversityPlymouthUK
  3. 3.Department of EntomologyThe Natural History MuseumLondonUK

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