Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 1729–1744 | Cite as

Species Richness and Habitat Use of Small Carnivores in the Arusha National Park (Tanzania)

  • Adriano Martinoli
  • Damiano Preatoni
  • Valeria Galanti
  • Paola Codipietro
  • Morris Kilewo
  • Carlos A. R. Fernandes
  • Luc A. Wauters
  • Guido Tosi
Article

Abstract

The carnivore community of Arusha National Park, Tanzania, was monitored using live trapping and diurnal and nocturnal visual counts and recording of tracks and signs along line transects. Nine carnivore species were recorded. Hyena (Crocuta crocuta), the most common large species, leopard (Panthera pardus) and African civet (Civettictis civetta) were detected along line transects, while the smaller species were counted and/or captured. Mungos mungo, Galerella sanguinea, and Genetta maculata were the most prevalent at transect counts, while G. sanguinea, Bdeogale crassicauda, and G. maculata were most frequently captured. Ichneumia albicauda and Ictonyx striatus were captured at only a single site. Carnivores selected natural habitat types, multilayered forest, open shrubs and herbaceous savannah, and were absent, or tended to avoid disturbed (man-made) habitats. Species of which sufficient data were gathered seemed to behave as habitat generalists (C. crocuta, G. sanguinea, G. maculata, M. mungo and I. striatus). The need for more detailed studies on small carnivore ecology and the importance of smaller protected areas for their conservation are discussed.

Keywords

Arusha National Park Carnivore community Diet Habitat use Tanzania 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriano Martinoli
    • 1
  • Damiano Preatoni
    • 1
  • Valeria Galanti
    • 2
  • Paola Codipietro
    • 2
  • Morris Kilewo
    • 3
  • Carlos A. R. Fernandes
    • 4
  • Luc A. Wauters
    • 1
  • Guido Tosi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento “Ambiente-Salute-Sicurezza”Università degli Studi dell’InsubriaVareseItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Oikos ong onlusMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Tanzania National ParksTANAPA Veterinary Unit c/o Tarangire National Park Head Quarter OfficeUnited Kingdom
  4. 4.Biodiversity and Ecological Processes Group, Cardiff School of BiosciencesCardiff UniversityWalesUnited Kingdom

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