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Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 9, pp 2109–2135 | Cite as

Vegetation analysis and tree population structure of tropical wet evergreen forests in and around Namdapha National Park, northeast India

  • P.C. Nath
  • A. ArunachalamEmail author
  • M.L. Khan
  • K. Arunachalam
  • A.R. Barbhuiya
Article

Abstract

Species composition, diversity and tree population structure were studied in three stands of the tropical wet evergreen forest in and around Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Three study stands exposed to different intensities of disturbances were identified, viz., undisturbed (2.4 ha) in the core zone of the park, moderately disturbed (2.1 ha) in the periphery of the park and highly disturbed (2.7 ha) outside the park area. In total 200 plant species belonging to 73 families were recorded in three stands. Tree density and basal area showed a declining trend with the increase in disturbance intensity. The densities of tree saplings and seedlings were lower in the disturbed stands than in the undisturbed stand. Species like Altingia excelsa, Olea dioica, Terminalia chebula, Mesua ferrea and Shorea assamica in the undisturbed stand and Albizia procera alone in the moderately disturbed stand contributed more than 50% of the total tree density in respective stands. The undisturbed stand contained young tree population. In the highly disturbed stand, the tree density was scarce, but had uncut trees of higher girth class (>210 cm GBH). Low shrub density was recorded in both disturbed stands due to frequent human disturbances; the broken canopy and direct sunlight enhanced the abundance of herbs in these stands. With a species rarity (species having <2 individuals) of ca. 50%, the tropical wet evergreenforests of the Namdapha National Park and its adjacent areas warrant more protection from human intervention and also eco-development to meet the livelihood requirements of the local inhabitants in the peripheral areas of the Namdapha National Park in order to reduce the anthropogenic pressure on the natural resources of the park.

Keywords

Disturbance Namdapha National Park Northeast India Species richness Tree population structure Tropical wet evergreen forest 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • P.C. Nath
    • 1
  • A. Arunachalam
    • 1
    Email author
  • M.L. Khan
    • 1
  • K. Arunachalam
    • 1
  • A.R. Barbhuiya
    • 1
  1. 1.Restoration Ecology Laboratory, Department of ForestryNorth Eastern Regional Institute of Science and TechnologyNirjuliIndia

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