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Table 1 Different rail species listed with various aspects of their biology and the number of instances of known and unknown mortality during rat eradications

From: Assessing gaps in reporting non-target mortality in island rodent eradication operations

Species Scientific name Average size (g) Flight ability Predominant diet IUCN Red List status Number of known mortality cases Number of unknown mortality cases
Clapper rail Rallus crepitans 160–400 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 0 1
Western water rail Rallus aquaticus 92–164 Flight Omnivorous Least concern 0 10
Lewin’s rail Lewinia pectoralis 63–112 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 1 1
Weka Gallirallus australis 430–1400 Flightless Omnivorous Vulnerable 13 15
Buff-banded rail Hypotaenidia philippensis 170 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 9 22
Corncrake Crex crex 145–165 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 0 2
Henderson crake Zapornia atra 66–88 Flightless Insectivorous Vulnerable 1 0
Spotless crake Zapornia tabuensis 45 Flight Omnivorous Least concern 5 10
White-breasted waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 166–328 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 0 6
White-browed crake Amaurornis cinerea 40–63 Flight Omnivorous Least concern 0 4
Purple swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio 880–1090 Flight Omnivorous Least concern 10 13
South Island takahe Porphyrio hochstetteri 2000–3500 Flightless Herbivorous Endangered 3 6
Allen’s gallinule Porphyrio alleni 82 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 0 2
Common moorhen Gallinula chloropus 192–493 Flight Insectivorous Least concern 2 24
Common gallinule Gallinula galeata 310–456 Flight Herbivorous Least concern 0 1
Common coot Fulica atra 585–1100 Flight Omnivorous Least concern 0 11
Hawaiian coot Fulica alai 450–900 Flight Omnivorous Vulnerable 0 1
American coot Fulica americana 600–1000 Flight Herbivorous Least concern 0 1
  1. Taxonomy sequence follows (del Hoyo and Collar 2014)