Skip to main content

Table 1 Dissemination of all relevant SHB information to all stakeholders

From: How to slow the global spread of small hive beetles, Aethina tumida

Whom to address? How and what should be implemented?
1. Beekeepers, veterinarians, honeybee health laboratories (NRL, diagnostic laboratories) a) General information through popular articles, case study reports, guidelines (e.g. diagnosis, Integrated Pest Management, incl. sanitation) and articles in local beekeeping and veterinary journals in the local language
b) Awareness training and talks by SHB-experts at local beekeeping and veterinarian meetings
c) Newsletters, conferences, workshops, seminars, training schools
2. Beekeepers’ and veterinarians’ associations In addition to 1a, b, c
a) Specific seminars with representatives of all country associations and local experts
b) Periodical meetings to ease communication and discussion among beekeepers and veterinarians
3. Researchers, extension specialists, research networks In addition to 1a and 2
a) Research and development (R&D)
b) Articles in peer-reviewed journals
c) Talks, posters, conference proceedings, national and international conferences
d) Open access to training schools, seminars and conferences
4. Industry (incl. bumblebee and stingless bee breeders) In addition to 1a, 2, 3
a) R&D meetings with local authorities and ministries
b) Quality assurance systems
5. Veterinary authorities In addition to 1a, 2, 3
a) National guidelines and manuals (contingency plan)
b) EU regulations, guidelines
c) OIE standards (Animal Health Code and Terrestrial Manual)
d) Surveillance programs and early warning systems
e) Spoken person
f) Accreditation
g) Availability of extra resources (practitioners and extra work hours)
h) Epidemiological analysis
i) Controls on apiary registrations
j) Controls on hive movements (migratory beekeeping and hive trade)
k) Controls on pollination service
6. Government and policy makers In addition to 1a, 2, 3, 4, 5
Suggestions for guidelines and regulations:
a) Prepare a detailed contingency plan in advance
b) Apiary registration database
c) Bumblebee registration database
d) Pollination service database
e) Traceability of hive movements (migratory beekeeping)
f) Traceability of hive products (wax) and beekeeping equipment (supers)
g) Study of the migratory beekeeping flows
h) Monitoring of wild bees
7. General public In addition to 1a
a) Newspaper
b) Broadcasts
c) Contribution to movies
d) Interviews (national and international)
e) Teachers information package on bee health