Biological Invasions

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 1931–1943 | Cite as

Invasive alien plants of Russia: insights from regional inventories

  • Yulia Vinogradova
  • Jan PerglEmail author
  • Franz Essl
  • Martin Hejda
  • Mark van Kleunen
  • Petr Pyšek
Alien Floras and Faunas 2


Recent research on plant invasions indicates that some parts of the world are understudied with temperate Asia among them. To contribute towards closing this gap, we provide a standardized list of invasive alien plant species with their distributions in 45 Russian regions, and relate the variation in their richness to climate, socioeconomic parameters and human influence. In total, we report 354 invasive alien species. There are, on average, 27 ± 17 (mean ± SD) invasive plants per region, and the invasive species richness varies from zero in Karelia to 71 in Kaluga. In the European part of Russia, there are 277 invasive species in total, in Siberia 70, and in the Far East 79. The most widespread invaders are, in terms of the number of regions from which they are reported, Acer negundo, Echinocystis lobata (recorded in 34 regions), Erigeron canadensis and Elodea canadensis (recorded in 30 regions). Most invasive species in Russia originate from other parts of temperate Asia and Europe. There were significant differences in the representation of life forms between the European, Siberian and Far East biogeographical regions, with perennials being over-represented in the Far East, and shrubs in the European part of Russia. The richness of invasive species can be explained by climatic factors, human population density and the percentage of urban population in a region. This publication and the associated dataset is the first comprehensive treatment of the invasive flora of Russia using standardized criteria and covering 83% of the territory of this country.


Climate Exotic plants Invasive flora Life-form Russia Socioeconomic factors 



PP and JP were supported by Project No. 14-36079G Centre of Excellence PLADIAS (Czech Science Foundation) and long-term research development project RVO 67985939 (The Czech Academy of Sciences). PP acknowledges the support from Praemium Academiae award from The Czech Academy of Sciences. We thank Zuzana Sixtová, Martin Adámek and Matěj Man for technical assistance. MvK acknowledges support from the German Science Foundation (DFG; 264740629). FE was supported by the Austrian Science Foundation FWF (Grant I2086-B16).

Supplementary material

10530_2018_1686_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Appendix S1 – List of regional contributors, their affiliations and indication of region for which they provided data (DOCX 16 kb)
10530_2018_1686_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (61 kb)
Appendix S2 – Species list with indication of presence in the 45 Russian regions (XLSX 62 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Main Botanical Garden Named After N.V. TsitsinRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Invasion Ecology, Institute of BotanyThe Czech Academy of SciencesPrůhoniceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Division of Conservation, Vegetation and Landscape EcologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Evolutionary Ecology and ConservationTaizhou UniversityTaizhouChina
  5. 5.Ecology, Department of BiologyUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany
  6. 6.Department of Ecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic

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