A review of global instruments to combat invasive alien species in forestry

Abstract

Although impacts of biological invasions may be local, at least at first, the causes of introduction are mostly international. Through trade and transport pathways, countries both send and receive non-native species. There are numerous international and regional instruments, binding and nonbinding, which have been developed to deal with the problem of the movement of alien invasive species, however there are gaps in the current international framework. Global goals in the management of forestry-related threats from invasive alien species should include making best use of existing regulatory frameworks, investing more into global research initiatives, and targeting existing tools and resources more effectively. Given the lack of resources for many developing countries to undertake research, conduct risk assessments and implement quarantine measures, there is a need for regional and global support for countries that lack sufficient resources to implement effective phytosanitary systems.

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Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    https://www.cbd.int/decision/cop/?id=12268.

  2. 2.

    https://www.ippc.int/en/liason/organizations/internationalforestryquarantineresearchgroup/.

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Acknowledgements

The Authors thank the International Union of Forestry Research Organisations (IUFRO) and the OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems for their support.

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Correspondence to Michael Ormsby.

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Guest Editors: Andrew Liebhold, Eckehard Brockerhoff and Martin Nuñez / Special issue on Biological Invasions in Forests prepared by a task force of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO).

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Ormsby, M., Brenton-Rule, E. A review of global instruments to combat invasive alien species in forestry. Biol Invasions 19, 3355–3364 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-017-1426-0

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Keywords

  • Invasive alien species
  • Phytosanitary
  • CBD
  • IPPC
  • Global instruments
  • Forestry