Drosophila as models to understand the adaptive process during invasion

Abstract

The last few decades have seen a growing number of species invasions globally, including many insect species. In drosophilids, there are several examples of successful invasions, i.e. Zaprionus indianus and Drosophila subobscura some decades ago, but the most recent and prominent example is the invasion of Europe and North America by the pest species, Drosophila suzukii. During the invasive process, species often encounter diverse environmental conditions that they must respond to, either through rapid genetic adaptive shifts or phenotypic plasticity, or by some combination of both. Consequently, invasive species constitute powerful models for investigating various questions related to the adaptive processes that underpin successful invasions. In this paper, we highlight how Drosophila have been and remain a valuable model group for understanding these underlying adaptive processes, and how they enable insight into key questions in invasion biology, including how quickly adaptive responses can occur when species are faced with new environmental conditions.

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Acknowledgments

This paper had its origin at a workshop on “Drivers, impacts, mechanisms and adaptation in insect invasions” hosted by the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology in Stellenbosch, South Africa, in November 2014. We thank Jean David for collecting and providing us with D. suzukii isofemale lines from Paris. CMS was supported by funding from the Science and Industry Endowment Fund and the Australian Research Council. MP is a member of the research group 2014SGR-336 of the Generalitat de Catalunya and supported by project CTM2013-48163. CP was funded by Bayer CropScience France. Additional financial support was provided by HortGro, the National Research Foundation of South Africa, Stellenbosch University, and SubTrop. The November 2014 workshop on “Drivers, impacts, mechanisms and adaptation in insect invasions” was hosted and co-funded by the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

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Correspondence to Patricia Gibert.

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Guest editors: Matthew P. Hill, Susana Clusella-Trullas, John S. Terblanche & David M. Richardson / Insect Invasions

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Gibert, P., Hill, M., Pascual, M. et al. Drosophila as models to understand the adaptive process during invasion. Biol Invasions 18, 1089–1103 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-016-1087-4

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Keywords

  • Local adaptation
  • Phenotypic plasticity
  • Drosophila subobscura
  • Drosophila suzukii
  • Zaprionus indianus