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Biological Invasions

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1595–1602 | Cite as

Invasive wild boar in Argentina: using protected areas as a research platform to determine distribution, impacts and management

  • Sebastián A. Ballari
  • M. Fernanda Cuevas
  • Sebastián Cirignoli
  • Alejandro E. J. Valenzuela
Invasion Note

Abstract

The wild boar is an invasive ecosystem engineer in Argentina that has lacked sufficient basic information to determine applied actions. The current distribution, impacts and management of this species were analyzed using the expert opinion surveys of protected area managers. The boar is widely distributed and occupies most of Argentina’s terrestrial ecoregions. Moreover, its populations are common, and its abundance is growing in most of the protected areas. Boars were recorded mostly in wetlands, forest and shrublands. Managers also reported a wide range of negative impacts, which included soil disturbance, vegetation damage and animal predation. Several control method types are used and in most protected areas, more than one are applied, but hunting was the most used technique. However, the effectiveness of control methods was low, suggesting the need of an urgent plan to define coordinated management actions to minimize the negative impacts of this species and also to prevent its expansion into new areas.

Keywords

Conservation Control methods Ecosystem engineer Feral pig Sus scrofa 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Christopher Anderson and M. Noelia Barrios-García for review and comment the early versions of the manuscript and three anonymous reviewers for comments that improved the quality of the manuscript. Daniel Dueñas helping us with the map (MAGRAF, CCT Mendoza). APN research through Permit N°orden DCM420 and all the protected areas who have responded to our survey.

Supplementary material

10530_2014_818_MOESM1_ESM.docx (60 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 60 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastián A. Ballari
    • 1
  • M. Fernanda Cuevas
    • 2
  • Sebastián Cirignoli
    • 3
  • Alejandro E. J. Valenzuela
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.CONICET, Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi (CENAC) - Administración de Parques NacionalesSan Carlos de BarilocheArgentina
  2. 2.Grupo de Investigaciones de la Biodiversidad (GiB)IADIZA, CCT CONICET MendozaMendozaArgentina
  3. 3.The Conservation Land Trust ArgentinaCorrientesArgentina
  4. 4.Southern Patagonia Coordination OfficeArgentine National Parks AdministrationUshuaiaArgentina
  5. 5.National University of Tierra del FuegoUshuaiaArgentina

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