Impact of the configuration of a chiral, activating carrier on the enantioselectivity of entrapped lipase from Candida rugosa in cyclohexane
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Lipase from Candida rugosa was loaded into an amphiphilic polymer co-network (APCN) composed of the chiral poly[(R)-N-(1-hydroxybutan-2-yl) acrylamide] [P-(R)-HBA] and P-(S)-HBA, respectively, linked by poly(dimethylsiloxane). The nanophase-separated amphiphilic morphology affords a 38,000-fold activation of the enzyme in the esterification of 1-phenylethanol with vinyl acetate. Further, the enantioselectivity of the entrapped lipase was influenced by the configuration of the chiral, hydrophilic polymer matrix. While the APCN with the (S)-configuration of the APCN affords 5.4 faster conversion of the (R)-phenylethanol compared to the respective (S)-enantiomer, the (R)-APCN allows an only a 2.8 faster conversion of the (R)-enantiomer of the alcohol. Permeation-experiments reveal that the enantioselectivity of the reaction is at least partially caused by specific interactions between the substrates and the APCN.