Direct estimation of the oxygen requirements of Achromobacter xylosoxidans for aerobic degradation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons (BTEX) in a bioscrubber

Abstract

The O2 requirements for biomass production and supplying maintenance energy demands during the degradation of both benzene and ethylbenzene by Achromobacter xylosoxidans Y234 were measured using a newly proposed technique involving a bioscrubber. Using this approach, relevant microbial parameter estimates were directly and simultaneously obtained via linear regression of pseudo steady-state data. For benzene and ethylbenzene, the biomass yield on O2, \(Y_{X{\text{/O}}_{\text{2}} } \), was estimated on a cell dry weight (CDW) basis as 1.96 ±.25 mg CDW mgO2 and 0.98 ±.17 mg CDW mgO2, while the specific rate of O2 consumption for maintenance, \(m_{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}} } \), was estimated as 0.041 ±.008 mgO2 mg CDWh and 0.053 ±.022 mgO2 mg CDWh, respectively.

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Acknowledgements

Financial support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and Queen’s University, in the form of research grants and graduate scholarship, is gratefully acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Andrew J. Daugulis.

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Nielsen, D.R., McLellan, P.J. & Daugulis, A.J. Direct estimation of the oxygen requirements of Achromobacter xylosoxidans for aerobic degradation of monoaromatic hydrocarbons (BTEX) in a bioscrubber. Biotechnol Lett 28, 1293–1298 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10529-006-9093-8

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Keywords

  • Bioscrubber
  • BTEX
  • Maintenance energy
  • Oxygen requirements