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Comparative Analysis of the Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Three Sisoridae (Osteichthyes, Siluriformes) and the Phylogenetic Relationships of Sisoridae

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The family Sisoridae is one of the largest and most diverse Asiatic catfish families, with most species occurring in the water systems of the Qinhai-Tibetan Plateau and East Himalayas. At present, the phylogenetic relationship of the Sisoridae is relatively chaotic. In this study, the mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of three species Creteuchiloglanis kamengensis, Glaridoglanis andersonii, and Exostoma sp. were systematically investigated, the phylogenetic relationships of the family were reconstructed and to determine the phylogenetic position of Exostoma sp. within Sisoridae. The lengths of the mitogenomes’ sequences of C. kamengensis, G. andersonii, and Exostoma sp. were 16,589 bp, 16,531 bp, and 16,529 bp, respectively. They all contained one identical control region (D-loop), two ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs) and 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes. We applied two approaches, Bayesian Inference (BI) and Maximum Likelihood (ML), to construct phylogenetic trees. Our findings revealed that the topological structure of both ML and BI trees exhibited significant congruence. Specifically, the phylogenetic tree strongly supports the monophyly of Sisorinae and Glyptosternoids and provides new molecular biological data to support the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships with Sisoridae. This study is of great scientific value for phylogenetic and genetic variation studies of the Sisoridae.

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Data Availability

The data that support the findings of this study are openly available in “NCBI” at, reference number OK646329 (Creteuchiloglanis kamengensis), OK646330 (Glaridoglanis andersonii) and OK326860 (Exostoma sp.).


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The study was supported by the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (LY22D060001&LY20C190008); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (NO.41806156); Key research and development projects in Xizang (XZ202301ZY0012N); Science and Technology Project of Zhoushan (2020C21016); Fundamental Research Funds for Zhejiang Provincial Universities and Research Institutes (No. 2021J008); Fund of Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Fishery Ecology and Environment (FEEL-2021-8); Open Foundation from Marine Sciences in the First-Class Subjects of Zhejiang (No. OFMS010).

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YPW, SYC, CZ and BJL conceived and designed the research. YPW, SYC, YFL, SFZ, XJ, SXZ, JSL, YP, KZ, CZ and BJL conducted experiments, analyzed data, and wrote the manuscript. The authors critically reviewed and approved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Chi Zhang or Bingjian Liu.

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Wang, Y., Chen, S., Liu, Y. et al. Comparative Analysis of the Complete Mitochondrial Genomes of Three Sisoridae (Osteichthyes, Siluriformes) and the Phylogenetic Relationships of Sisoridae. Biochem Genet (2024).

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