Demographic parameters of the reduviid predator, Rhynocoris marginatus (Reduviidae: Hemiptera) fed on two lepidopterous insect pests

Abstract

Rhynocoris marginatus (F.) (Reduviidae: Hemiptera:) is an efficient biocontrol agent in the management of multiple insect pests. The study aimed to assess the life table and demographic parameters of R. marginatus feeding on two lepidopterous insect pests, Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Noctuidae) and Pieris brassicae (Linn.) (Pieridae). The developmental period of all life stages of R. marginatus was shorter when S. litura larvae were provided. The net reproductive rate (R0) was higher (411.4 offspring per individual) on S. litura, while it was 112.4 offspring per individual on P. brassicae. Mean generation time (T) of R. marginatus was shorter (93.28 d) on S. litura than on P. brassicae (105.90 d). Values of the intrinsic rate of increase (0.064 d−1) and finite rate of increase (1.066 d−1) for R. marginatus fed on S. litura were found higher than on P. brassicae (0.044 d−1 and 1.045 d−1, respectively). Age-stage–specific survival rate and age-stage-specific fecundity of R. marginatus were higher feeding on S. litura compared to P. brassicae larvae. The S. litura was the most suitable prey as compared to P. brassicae for R. marginatus. Our study suggests R. marginatus as a useful biocontrol agent against S. litura pest.

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Data availability

Raw data are available upon request.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are very thankful to Prof. Dr. Hsin Chi, Department of Entomology, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan who helped in data analysis and preparing the figures. Providing facilities for the experiment by the Department of Plant Pathology, University of Sargodha is greatly acknowledged.

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MA, MIU and RRK: Conceptualization, MA and RRK: Methodology, MA, MT, and MR: Formal analysis, AS and SA: Data curation, MA, and MR: Writing—original draft preparation, SA and AS: Literature review, MR and MT: Visualization, MIU: Supervision. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Muhammad Arshad.

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Arshad, M., Ullah, M.I., Khan, R.R. et al. Demographic parameters of the reduviid predator, Rhynocoris marginatus (Reduviidae: Hemiptera) fed on two lepidopterous insect pests. BioControl 66, 227–235 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10526-020-10060-9

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Keywords

  • Life table parameters
  • Pieris brassicae
  • Rhynocoris marginatus
  • Spodoptera litura