BioControl

, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp 639–647

Molecular characterization of parasitoids from armored scales infesting citrus orchards in Corsica, France

  • Margarita C. G. Correa
  • Ferran Palero
  • Noémie Dubreuil
  • Laure Etienne
  • Mathieu Hulak
  • Gilles Tison
  • Sylvie Warot
  • Didier Crochard
  • Nicolas Ris
  • Philippe Kreiter
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10526-016-9752-1

Cite this article as:
Correa, M.C.G., Palero, F., Dubreuil, N. et al. BioControl (2016) 61: 639. doi:10.1007/s10526-016-9752-1
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Abstract

Armored scales (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) are important pests in citrus orchards worldwide. Augmentative releases of Aphelinidae wasps (Hymenoptera) have been performed in Corsica, France to control the California Red Scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell, 1879)) and the arrowhead scale (Unaspis yanonensis (Kuwana, 1923)), but biological control of armored scales requires the identification of their parasitoids to evaluate their potential as biological control agents. In order to circumvent this issue, parasitoids emerging from four armored scale species were characterized through DNA barcoding. All the parasitoids identified belong to the Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera) and included a total of five Aphytis (including A. melinus), four Encarsia (including cryptic species) and one Ablerus (hyperparasitoid) species. Host-specificity was found to be strong among primary parasitoids, with Encarsia inquirenda Silvestri, 1930 and an unidentified Encarsia being the sole taxa able to parasitize the two subfamilies (Aspidiotinae and Diaspidinae).

Keywords

Diaspididae Armored scale Parasitoid DNA barcoding Cryptic species 

Supplementary material

10526_2016_9752_MOESM1_ESM.docx (27 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 26 kb)

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
ONEMA ECOPHYTO
  • Cors’Aphy
Seventh Framework Programme
  • “Colbics” #324475
Seventh Framework Programme
  • “Colbics” #324475
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
  • CHALLENGEN (CTM2013-48163)

Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margarita C. G. Correa
    • 1
  • Ferran Palero
    • 1
    • 4
  • Noémie Dubreuil
    • 2
  • Laure Etienne
    • 2
  • Mathieu Hulak
    • 2
  • Gilles Tison
    • 3
  • Sylvie Warot
    • 1
  • Didier Crochard
    • 1
  • Nicolas Ris
    • 1
  • Philippe Kreiter
    • 1
  1. 1.INRA, Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, UMR 1355-7254 Institut Sophia AgrobiotechSophia AntipolisFrance
  2. 2.AREFLEC, Corsic’AgropôleSan GiulianoFrance
  3. 3.INRA Centre de San Giuliano, Unité citrus, Pôle agronomiqueSan GiulianoFrance
  4. 4.Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC)BlanesSpain

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