BioControl

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 825–835

Characterization and virulence of Lecanicillium lecanii against different aphid species

  • Beatriz M. Diaz
  • Monike Oggerin
  • Claudia C. López Lastra
  • Victor Rubio
  • Alberto Fereres
Article

Abstract

Seven isolates of Lecanicillium lecanii (Zimmermann) Zare & Gams isolated in Spain from infected aphids were characterized using sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) regions and also based on morphological and physiological characteristics. Four of these seven L. lecanii isolates were selected to assess their virulence against nymphs of Myzus persicae (Sulzer), Nasonovia ribisnigri (Mosley), Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) and Aphis gossypii Glover. Mortality (%), lethal concentration 50 (LC50) and lethal time 50 (TC50) were calculated. The analysis of the sequences of ITS region confirmed that the new isolates were clearly Lecanicilliumlecanii. The set of isolates had similar radial growth (51.5–54.0 mm), except for ICAL1 (39 mm). The germination time 50 (GT50) varied between 10.7 h (ICAL3) and 13 h (ICAL5). The isolate ICAL6 showed the highest value for conidial production (3.4 × 108 con ml−1) and also produced the highest mortality for M. persicae (95%) and was more virulent than the commercial product Vertalec® (91.6%).

Keywords

Lecanicillium lecanii Hypocreales Aphids Biological control Entomopathogenic fungi Physiological host range 

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz M. Diaz
    • 1
  • Monike Oggerin
    • 1
  • Claudia C. López Lastra
    • 2
  • Victor Rubio
    • 1
  • Alberto Fereres
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Protección VegetalInstituto de Ciencias Agrarias. Centro de Ciencias Medioambientales (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)MadridSpain
  2. 2.CEPAVE (Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores) UNLP-CONICETLa PlataArgentina

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