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The role of mitochondria in age-related hearing loss

Abstract

Age-related hearing loss (ARHL), the hearing loss associated with aging, is a vital problem in present society. The severity of hearing loss is possibly associated with the degeneration of cochlear cells. Mitochondria play a key role in the energy supply, cellular redox homeostasis, signaling, and regulation of programmed cell death. In this review, we focus on the central role of mitochondria in ARHL. The mitochondrial redox imbalance and mitochondrial DNA mutation might collaboratively involve in the process of cochlear senescence in response to the aging stress. Subsequent responses, including alteration of mitochondrial biogenesis, mitophagy, apoptosis and paraptosis, participate in the aging process from different respects.

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Correspondence to Jianguo Tang.

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Chen, H., Tang, J. The role of mitochondria in age-related hearing loss. Biogerontology 15, 13–19 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10522-013-9475-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10522-013-9475-y

Keywords

  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress
  • Mitochondrial DNA