Quantitative PCR analysis used to characterize physiological changes in brain tissue of senescent sockeye salmon
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Senescence varies considerably among fishes, and understanding the evolutionary basis for this diversity has become an important area of study. For rapidly senescing species such as Pacific salmon, senescence is a complex process as these fish are initiating anorexia while migrating to natal spawning grounds, and die within days of reproduction. To better understand senescence in Pacific salmon we examined expression patterns for a suite of genes in brain tissue of pre-senescent and senescent sockeye salmon. Interestingly, a significant increase in expression of genes involved in telomere repair and immune activity was observed in senescent salmon. These data provide insight into physiological changes in salmon undergoing senescence and the factors contributing to variation in observed senescence rates among individuals and populations.
KeywordsSenescence qPCR Salmon Telomerase
The authors thank the University of Washington Alaska Salmon Program for sampling and infrastructure support, and the National Science Foundation and Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation for funding. Additional support was provided by J. Seeb of the International Program for Salmon Ecological Genomics.
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