Behavior Genetics

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 447–451 | Cite as

Is There an Active Gene-Environment Correlation in Adolescent Drinking Behavior?

Brief Communication

Abstract

A scale based on alcohol-related behaviors and an item on shared friends from the National Merit Twin Study were used in an attempt to confirm the finding of Cleveland et al. (1995, J Genet Psychol 166:153–169) of gene-environment correlation in adolescents’ drinking behavior, a correlation based on the differential selection of peers. Results from samples of 490 MZ and 336 same-sex DZ pairs were consistent in direction with the hypothesis, although quantitatively modest. This consistency appeared, however, to depend entirely on the female twins in the sample.

Keywords

Alcohol use Genotype-environment correlation Shared friends Adolescence National Merit Twin Study Sex differences 

References

  1. Ary DV, Tildesley E, Hops H, Andrews J (1993) The influence of parent, sibling, and peer modeling and attitudes on adolescent use of alcohol. Int J Addict 28:853–880PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bobko P, Roth PL, Buster MA (2007) The usefulness of unit weights in creating composite scores: a literature review, application to content validity, and meta-analysis. Organ Res Meth 10:689–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cleveland HH, Wiebe RP, Rowe DC (2005) Sources of exposure to smoking and drinking friends among adolescents: a behavioral-genetic evaluation. J Genet Psychol 166:153–169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Dick DM, Rose RJ, Viken RJ, Kaprio J, Koskenvuo M (2001) Exploring gene-environment interactions: socioregional moderation of alcohol use. J Abnorm Psychol 110:625–632CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dick DM, Pagan JL, Holliday C, Viken R, Pulkkinen L, Kaprio J, Rose RJ (2007) Gender differences in friends’ influences on adolescent drinking: a genetic epidemiological study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:2012–2019CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Fowler JH, Dawes CT, Christakis NA (2009) Model of genetic variation in human social networks. Proc Nat Acad Sci 106:1720–1724CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Guo G, Elder GH, Cai T, Hamilton N (2009) Gene-environment interactions: Peers’ alcohol use moderates genetic contribution to adolescent drinking behavior. Soc Sci Res 38:213–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kendler KS, Schmitt BS, Aggen SH, Prescott CA (2008) Genetic and environmental influences on alcohol, caffiene, cannabis, and nicotine use from early adolescence to middle adulthood. Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:674–682CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Koopmans JR, Boomsma DI (1996) Familial resemblances in alcohol use: genetic or cultural transmission? J Stud Alcohol 57:19–28PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Loehlin JC (1972) An analysis of alcohol-related questionnaire items from the National Merit Twin Study. Ann NY Acad Sci 197:117–120CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Loehlin JC, Nichols RC (1976) Heredity, environment, and personality: a study of 850 sets of twins. University of Texas Press, Austin, TXGoogle Scholar
  12. Lykken DT, Tellegen A, DeRubeis R (1978) Volunteer bias in twin research: the rule of two-thirds. Soc Biol 15:1–9Google Scholar
  13. McGue M, Sharma A, Benson P (1996) Parent and sibling influences on adolescent alcohol use and misuse: evidence from a U.S. adoption cohort. J Stud Alcohol 57:8–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Plomin R, DeFries JC, Loehlin JC (1977) Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior. Psychol Bull 84:309–322CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Rose RJ (2002) How do adolescents select their friends? A behavior-genetic perspective. In: Pulkkinen L, Caspi A (eds) Paths to successful development: personality in the life course. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 106–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rose RJ, Dick DM, Viken RJ, Kaprio J (2001) Gene-environment interaction in patterns of adolescent drinking: regional residency moderates longitudinal influences on alcohol use. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 25:637–643CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Wainer H (1976) Estimating coefficients in linear models: it don’t make no nevermind. Psychol Bull 83:213–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations