Behavior Genetics

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 447–451 | Cite as

Is There an Active Gene-Environment Correlation in Adolescent Drinking Behavior?

Brief Communication


A scale based on alcohol-related behaviors and an item on shared friends from the National Merit Twin Study were used in an attempt to confirm the finding of Cleveland et al. (1995, J Genet Psychol 166:153–169) of gene-environment correlation in adolescents’ drinking behavior, a correlation based on the differential selection of peers. Results from samples of 490 MZ and 336 same-sex DZ pairs were consistent in direction with the hypothesis, although quantitatively modest. This consistency appeared, however, to depend entirely on the female twins in the sample.


Alcohol use Genotype-environment correlation Shared friends Adolescence National Merit Twin Study Sex differences 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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