A comprehensive in situ and laboratory testing programme supporting seismic risk analysis of URM buildings subjected to induced earthquakes

Abstract

The reliability of a risk assessment procedure is strictly dependent on the adopted hazard, exposure, fragility and consequence models. This paper presents the methodology adopted to support the assessment of the seismic vulnerability of buildings in the Groningen province of the Netherlands by means of a comprehensive in situ and laboratory testing programme. The area, historically not prone to tectonic ground motions, experienced seismic events induced by gas extraction and subsequent reservoir depletion in the last decades. The peculiarity of the input ground motions, the distinctive features and a general lack of knowledge on the seismic response characteristics of the Dutch building stock, and the goal to also assess the collapse risk drove the design and execution of a comprehensive test campaign comprising in situ tests and full-scale shaking table tests of buildings. An overview of the whole campaign is presented, focusing on the merits and roles of the different experimental techniques. The main outcomes of the experimental tests are summarized and additional and wider research findings together with potential research avenues for future studies are also identified.

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(adapted from Crowley et al. 2017a, b)

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Acknowledgements

This work is part of the EUCENTRE project “Study of the vulnerability of masonry buildings in Groningen”, within the research programme framework on hazard and risk of induced seismicity in the Groningen province, sponsored by the Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij BV (NAM). The authors would like to thank all parties involved in this project: the DICAr Laboratory of the University of Pavia and the EUCENTRE Laboratory, which performed the tests; and partners NAM, Arup, TU Delft and TU Eindhoven for their insight and contributions related to the test programme. The valuable advice of R. Pinho was essential to the project and is gratefully acknowledged. Thanks also go to J. Uilenreef, A. Campos Costa, P.X. Candeias, A.A. Correia, H. Crowley, F. Dacarro, A. Fragomeli, S. Girello, G. Guerrini, L. Grottoli, S. Kallioras, M. Mandirola, B. Marchesi, M. Miglietta, G. O’Reilly, S. Peloso, A. Rossi, S. Sharma, G. Sinopoli and U. Tomassetti for the practical support. Discussions with Prof. M.C. Griffith have been a valuable reference in several stages of the project. The authors would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments, which certainly contributed to an improvement of the manuscript.

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Graziotti, F., Penna, A. & Magenes, G. A comprehensive in situ and laboratory testing programme supporting seismic risk analysis of URM buildings subjected to induced earthquakes. Bull Earthquake Eng 17, 4575–4599 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-018-0478-6

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Keywords

  • In situ test
  • Quasi-static test
  • Shake-table test
  • Unreinforced masonry
  • Structural response
  • Induced seismicity